Eleventh time at Toowong


Ceremony at
of Sacrifice.


PAYING eleven tributes of flowers, the newly-cleaned Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance in the Toowong Cemetery had an outer frame of reverent men, women and children who had come to honour The Fallen at a memorial service conducted by Canon D.J. Garland [ David John Garland ].

In his address, Canon Garland emphasised the qualities of sacrifice, heroism and endurance displayed by the Anzacs and said that there should be applied to the nation in its present difficulties.

The scene was most impressive, parents, widows and children with other relatives of fallen heroes arriving from an early hour with floral tributes which gradually mounted into a beautiful base for both the Cross and the Stone.

Canon Garland was assisted by Rev. N. Bertram [ Neil Colin Campbell Bertram ], and in the procession from the gate of the cemetery, to the Stone of Remembrance, the cross was carried by Mr. Harold Low MM. Mr. J.F. Maxwell MLA [ James Francis Maxwell ] represented the Premier (Mr. A.E. Moore) [ Arthur Edward Moore ].

The Lord Mayor (Alderman A. Watson) [ Archibald Watson ] laid a wreath at the foot of the Cross on behalf of the Brisbane City Council. Earlier he had placed, one at the Toowong Memorial.

During the service hymns were sung “The Last Post” was sounded and at the conclusion The Dead March was played by the Windsor Band.


Canon Garland said that the eleventh time they had gathered on this day of solemn remembrance and many of those present had not missed one gathering in those 11 years.

Gratitude should ring eternal in the human heart — gratitude for those who died for them; and they should be remembered on wings of love before God, and so long as Australia lasted they would be remembered.

— from page 10 of “The Week” (Brisbane) of 29 April 1931.


To the Memory
of Gallant Men


Over the broad green plains, rich with the bounty of summer’s flooding,

Sing the brave larks on the edge of a cloud;

Down to the seaway, through valleys in mantles of autumn’s budding,

Bend the quick streams as with spirit endowed.

And these are our plains and these our valleys,

And these are our birds and these our streams,

But far lie our mates, the makers of sallies,

And beside them, our mates, the dreamers of dreams.


From the new cities, tense with the conflict of laughter and weeping,

Beats music of building, triumphantly loud;

Fast to the shorelines, to frustration, come gallantly leaping

Great waves for the joy of the sun-loving crowd.

And these are our cities, and these our marges,

And these our forges, and these our throngs,

But far lie our mates, the leaders of charges,

And beside them, our mates, the singers of songs.


Rest from our labour, the seeking, the getting;

Rest from our labour, and bow down the head;

Whether at rising, at noon, or at setting,

They were sun lovers — and now they are dead.


PICTURED ABOVE: This artwork accompanied the words of Bingham’s poignant poem. Together they appeared on page  10 of “The Week” (Brisbane) on 29 April 1931

Beautiful Cross unveiled


Services in the Churches
Speech by the Governor-General


ANZAC DAY was reverently observed in Brisbane [ on 25 April 1924 ].

Many solemn functions were held, commencing with the unveiling of the beautiful Cross of Sacrifice, in Toowong Cemetery, by the Governor-General (Lord Forster) [ Henry William Forster ], as reported in the first edition.

Large congregations attended the services in the various churches. In the afternoon a combined open-air Memorial Service, following a naval and military march from Albert Square, was held in the Exhibition Grounds.

The people’s tribute to the “immortal dead” concluded with a public meeting at the Exhibition Hall at night, which was addressed by the Governor-General and other notabilities.

At the morning’s ceremony of unveiling The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance in Toowong Cemetery there was a large attendance of civic, military and naval representatives.

Despite the early hour, perhaps three thousand people made the pilgrimage to the cemetery, most of them carrying beautiful floral wreaths to place on The Stone and on the graves of the soldiers who are buried there.

The whole of the arrangements were splendidly carried out.

The area immediately surrounding The Cross and Stone was enclosed by barriers, and only those actually taking part in the ceremony and members of the Committee were admitted.

Next-of-kin of members of the A.I.F. [ First Australian Imperial Force ] and navy buried in the cemetery were accommodated in a specially-reserved area on one side of the grassy mound upon which The Stone and Cross are mounted, while on the other side the Brisbane Citizens’ Band and the Naval Guard were located.


His Excellency the Governor-General arrived promptly at the appointed time. He wore a military uniform, with sword at side.

His personal A.D.C., Lieut.-Commander R.M. Seymour [ sic, William John Seymour ], was in naval dress.

Lady Forster [ Rachel Forster, neé Cecily ] was received by Mrs. Gillies (wife of the Acting Premier) [ Margaret Gillies, neé Smith ].

Among the military representatives present were noticed:

Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn [ Bernard William Murray Fairbairn ] and a number of officers from H.M.S. Dragon also attended, and Lieut.-Commander Mutton (District Naval Officer) [ Edward Smith Mutton ] was another naval representative.

The Mayor of Brisbane (Ald. M.J. Barry) [ Maurice Joseph Barry ] arrived early, carrying a nice wreath.

After his Excellency the Governor-General had ascended the steps of The Stone of Remembrance he stood between the officiating clergy facing The Cross of Sacrifice.

On the lower rung of the steps on either side of The Stone, Lieut.-Commander Mutton, Major-General Bruche, Captain Fairbairn stood on the left and Chaplain-Colonel Garland, the Deputy Governor of Queensland (Mr. W. Lennon) [ William Lennon ], and the Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) [ William Neal Gillies ] on the right.


It was a fitting ceremony for such a great occasion, and the crowd dwelt on the words of the clergy as they recited the psalms and prayers.

All eyes were focused on The Stone of Remembrance when Lord Forster rolled back the covering flag from the memorial, upon the face of which are stamped, in indelible letters, the words: “Their names liveth for evermore.”

There was a still greater silence as the King’s representative caught the cords that held the flags which screened The Cross of Sacrifice, and performed the unveiling ceremony.

It was a memorable occasion for those who attended.

Speaking in slow and deliberate tones, Lord Forster’s voice carried to the limits of the area covered by the assemblage and thus almost all were able to hear the beautiful words he spoke during his address.

One fine passage was “Just as they were comrades through all the turmoil and horrors of warfare, so do we believe they are comrades, still in the peace and glory of immortal life.”

The address of the Acting Premier, too, was very inspiring.

The buglers were Staff-Sergeant J. Barnes [ Herbert “Jerry” Barnes ], Sergeant A. Jackson, and Seamen Journeaux [ Francis William Journeaux ] and Barnden, of the Dragon.

— from page 2 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 26 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: Children wander about the foot of The Stone of Remembrance on Anzac Day 1924 after the Australian Governor-General, Lord Henry William Forster, officially unveiled Australia’s first Anzac War Memorial in what is now Canon Garland Place at Brisbane’s Toowong Cemetery. This image is from the State Library of Queensland photo collection [ Record number: 254828. ]

Cross and Stone unveiled




THE spirit animating the large concourse of people in the Toowong Cemetery yesterday morning [ 25 April 1924 ] on the occasion of the unveiling of The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance was a pathetic blending of sorrow and pride.

There were over 3,000 people present.

The large space at the side of the inner enclosure, which had been reserved for the near relatives of members of the A.I.F., and the naval forces who had met their death on active service was well filled, and included many who were carrying wreaths to lay on The Stone of Remembrance.

On the other side of the enclosure was a guard of honour consisting of bluejackets from H.M.S. Dragon, under Lieutenant Drew.

Prior to the commencement of the ceremony proper, the Brisbane Citizens’ Band played appropriately solemn music, concluding with the “Dead March”, in “Saul”.

Punctually at the time appointed, 8:57 a.m., His Excellency the Governor-General, Lord Forster [ Sir Henry William Forster ], who was attended by Lt.-Commander W.J. Seymour [ William John Seymour ], personal A.D.C. [ Aide-de-Camp ], and Brigadier-General L.C. Wilson, A.D.C. [ Lachlan Chisholm Wilson ], arrived at the main entrance gate where he was received by the Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) [ William Neal Gillies ], the Officer Commanding Field Troops in Queensland (Major-General J.H. Bruche) [ Sir Julius Henry Bruche ] and the Commanding Officer H.M.S. Dragon (Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn) [ Bernard William Murray Fairbairn ].

His Excellency was then conducted to the scene of the ceremony.

Among those in the inner enclosure were:

At the foot of The Stone of Remembrance the Governor-General was received by the Archbishop of Brisbane (Dr. Sharp) [ Gerald Sharp ], and the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church (Rev. S. Martin) [ Samuel Martin ], who were the officiating clergymen.

The latter commenced the religious portion of the ceremony by reading Psalm 46.

His Excellency then unveiled The Stone of Remembrance and, accompanied by the officiating clergy, proceeded to The Cross of Sacrifice from which also he removed the flags which covered it.

Returning to The Stone of Remembrance, prayers were offered by Dr. Sharp and Rev. S. Martin, after which the Archbishop formally dedicated The Cross, “to the honour and glory of Almighty God and in memory of those who laid down their lives after the example of Him who made the one perfect sacrifice for all mankind.”

There was a tense silence for a few seconds until, at the word of command, the naval guard fired three volleys and The Last Post was sounded.


The Governor-General said they all were there to do what had been done, and still was being done in the theatres of war thousands of miles away— to pay a tribute of reverence and admiration to the memories of those who, in splendid self-sacrifice, yielded their lives in the service of their country.

It was a fitting day on which to unveil those noble memorials — The Stone of Remembrance and The Cross of Sacrifice — and he wished to express on behalf of the Commonwealth its deep appreciation of the services rendered by the Government of Queensland in the provision of that noble stone.

In future, anyone who approached that hallowed spot must, he thought, remember the wonderful things that had been done by those whom they sought to honour, and would also think of the spirit of comradeship in which their beloved dead were lying, whether it were there in that cemetery or on the field of battle where they fell.

Just as they were comrades through all the horrors of warfare, so they believed that they all were comrades still in the peace and glory of immortal life, and it behoved all those who were left behind to do all they could to preserve that spirit of comradeship, in which those heroes had served and in which they had fallen.

And the second thought that must occur to them was the thought of remembrance.

They remembered the heroic service, the undaunted and undauntable bravery, the steadfast courage and fortitude shown in circumstances of almost incredible horror and hardship, of those who had suffered for them and died for them.

The pages of history would record the undying story of their triumph, and so long as the British race lasted, their fame would live and, as had been inscribed on The Stone of Remembrance, “Their name liveth for evermore”.


And the third thought which came to their minds was that in erecting that Cross of Sacrifice they were commemorating the spirit of self-sacrifice by men humbly following in the steps of Christ, the Saviour of Mankind.

As the years rolled by and as the present generation passed hence, and the recollection of the pain and the suffering and the sorrow of the Great War faded away, there would remain nothing but the fame and the glory of great deeds.

Then would such memorials as those that had just been unveiled preserve the memory of those who had accomplished such wonderful things, and inspire successive generations by the splendid spirit in which they had been done.

And so, in perpetuating the memory of their illustrious dead, they turned to the sign of Him through whose self-sacrifice they had passed through the vale into the life immortal.

The thoughts that came to their minds on such an occasion as the present had been more beautifully expressed by a friend of his, a Member of the British House of Commons who, in the early days of the war, gave eloquent expression to what everyone felt, and he would conclude by reading to them what his friend [ Sir John Stanhope Arkwright ] had written:—

O valiant hearts, who to your glory came
Through dust of conflict and through battle flame;
Tranquil you lie, your knightly virtue proved,
Your memory hallowed in the land you loved.
Proudly, you gathered, rank on rank to war.
As you had heard God’s message from afar;
All you had hoped for, all you had, you gave
To save Mankind— yourselves you scorned to save.
Splendid you passed, the great surrender made,
Into the light that nevermore shall fade;
Deep your contentment in that blest abode,
Who wait the last dear trumpet-call of God.


The Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) said the fact that Lord Forster had lost his two sons at the war made them appreciate all the more the great service he had rendered them in performing this sad but important ceremony, on behalf of the State Government, he desired to express his heartfelt sympathy with all those who today mourned the loss of their dear ones.

It was fitting that their State, which took the lead in the observance of Anzac Day — the founder of which was a Queensland citizen— should likewise be the first State in Australia to complete The Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance.

It was likewise fitting that the site chosen by the committee should be in these sacred grounds, where lay the remains of some 350 Australian soldiers, and by that Cross and Stone they paid to them the same homage as was given to those of their own kith and kin, who now lay in the far away cemeteries on the battlefields of France and Gallipoli.

To the credit of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee, of which body Canon Garland [ David John Garland ] might well be described as the life and soul, Anzac Day had been observed in this State each year since the memorable landing on Gallipoli on April 25, 1915.

It was not an occasion for a lengthy speech, but rather an occasion for humility and reverence, for silence and thought, and for the earnest recognition of the fact that the only lasting comfort or reward for those who lost their sons, their brothers, their husbands, or their fathers, was the fulfilment of the promise of a lasting peace.


The placing of wreaths and other floral tributes at the base of The Stone of Remembrance then followed.

The first was a handsome cross of gilded leaves with red roses from the Governor-General.

From the State Governor (Sir Matthew Nathan) came a wreath of white and pink flowers, with green foliage.

The Acting Premier, on behalf of the State Government, laid on the Stone a strikingly effective wreath in the shape of the letter “Q”, made with rich red and golden-yellow chrysanthemums with a background of laurel leaves.

A simple laurel wreath came from the R.S. and S.I. League of Australia (Queensland) [ Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League of Australia (Queensland) Branch ], and others from the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee and the commanding officer, H.M.S. Dragon.

Another wreath which was dropped from an aeroplane and fell among the graves was picked up and placed in position near the Stone.

The number of private wreaths was very, large.

The, sounding of the Reveille ended the ceremonials.


Among the wreaths placed on The Stone of Remembrance were those from:—

  • The Governor-General (placed by Lord Forster)
  • The State Governor (by Colonel J.M.A. Durrant, A.D.C.)
  • The Acting Premier, on behalf of the State Government (by Mr. W.N. Gillies)
  • Commanding Officer, H.M.S. Dragon, on behalf of the Special Service Squadron (by Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn)
  • Anzac Day Commemoration Committee (by Canon Garland)
  • Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League (by Mr. Frazer East, State President) – [ Hubert Fraser East ]
  • Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Fathers’ Association (by Mr. Richardson) – [ Samuel Henry Richardson ]
  • Mayor and aldermen, City of Brisbane (by the Mayor, Alderman Barry)
  • Trustees [of] Brisbane General Cemetery
  • T.B. Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Association
  • Toowong Women’s Auxiliary
  • Royal Society of St. George (Brisbane Branch)
  • Auchenflower Troop Girl Guides
  • St. Augustine’s Hamilton War Memorial Church
  • South Brisbane Women’’s Auxiliary League
  • R.S. and S.I. League of Australia
  • Queensland National Bank, Rockhampton
  • Mr. Thomas Pearson
  • F. Concourt
  • R.S.S.I.L.A, Limbless Soldiers
  • R.S.S.I.L.A., Brisbane District Executive
  • R.S.S.I.L.A., Remount Section, Rosemount
  • Mrs. Walsh, 11th Regiment
  • Mr. and Mrs. Bloor and family
  • Mrs. Patton
  • Mr. J.F. Maxwell, M.L.A.
  • Mrs. McGregor-Lowndes – [ Jean McGregor-Lowndes ]
  • Relatives of Private S.J. Cole
    No. 6736, Private Sydney Joseph COLE, 15th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Wm. P. Sparkes
    No. 1654, Bombardier William Percival SPARKES, 7th Battery Field Artillery
  • Mr. L.W. Belcher
  • Relatives of Lieutenant A.G. Robertson
    — Lieutenant Alex Gordon ROBERTSON, 4th Australian Pioneers
  • Relatives of Corporal W.H. Roberts
    No. 1634, Temporary Corporal William Horace Floyd ROBERTS, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Captain R. Blake
    No. 7306, Captain Leslie Russell BLAKE MC, 105th Howitzer Battery, 5th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Relatives of Private Walsh
    No. 3897, Private Joseph Norman WALSH, 15th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of W.W. Prideaux
    No. 7309, Private William Walter PRIDEAUX, 24th Reinforcements, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Mr. and Mrs. Campbell
    No. 3426, Scout Corporal David Morrison CAMPBELL, 7th Reinforcements, 31st Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Bugler L. Bowers
    No. 4264, Private Albert John Llewellyn BOWERS, 31st Infantry Battalion
  • Mrs. R.E. Sexton (lately Townshend, formerly Sugars, nee Rae)
    No. 6163, Private John Robert Dalgleish TOWNSHEND, 17th Reinforcements, 25th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of Arthur J. Goodwin
    No. 7838, Private Arthur John GOODWIN, 26th Reinforcements, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of B. Chambers
    Captain Robert William Laws CHAMBERS, 105th Howitzer Battery, 5th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Friends of W. Holland
    No. 5592, Captain Walter Percival HOLLAND, 15th Reinforcements, 25th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of O. Hopkins
    No. 2678, Acting Corporal Donald Herbert Odo HOPKINS, 49th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of N. McWaters
    No. 16082, Private Norman Francis McWATERS, 11th Field Ambulance
  • Relatives of Gunner W. Longwill
    No. 1898, Gunner William Matthew LONGWILL, 13th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Relatives of S. Cutlock
  • Relatives of Mr. A. and L. Barrett.

At the request of Mr. and Mrs. A. Campbell, Mackay, a wreath was placed on The Stone of Remembrance by the joint Honorary Secretaries of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee [ David John Garland and Eustace Royston Baum Pike ].

The Brisbane Cemetery Trustees were represented at the unveiling and dedication of The Cross of Sacrifice by Mr. W.D. Grimes (chairman) [ William Douglas Grimes ], Colonel R.M. Stodart [ Robert Mackay Stodart ], Messrs. Petrie, Wassell, Harley, Scott and E. Griffith Oxley (secretary) [ Edward Griffith Oxley ], who was accompanied by Mrs. Oxley.

A feature of the unveiling and dedication ceremony of The Cross of Sacrifice was the hovering of an aeroplane over the ground during the ceremony.

A wreath was dropped from the ’plane from St. Augustine’s Memorial Church Committee, Hamilton.

— from page 7 of “The Daily Mail” (Brisbane) of Saturday, 26 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: A view of the scaffolding that enveloped The Cross of Sacrifice in late February-early March 1924 at Toowong Cemetery. On 26 September 1923, the ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee voted to accept the £720 quotation from the Toowong-based firm of master monumental masons, A.L. Petrie & Sons, to devise and erect The Cross of Sacrifice. The Stone of Remembrance and The Cross of Sacrifice were officially unveiled a mere 212 days later, on ANZAC Day, 25 April 1924. For 92 years, 10 months and 4 days Australia’s first ANZAC War Memorial was left unmolested as it stood sentinel over the nearby graves of at least 270 First AIF returned service personnel. Work is now under way to reinstate the vandalised bronze sword motif, requiring Brisbane City Council to erect similar temporary scaffolding around the memorial once more. 

Anzac Day editorial, 1924



KIPLING’S magic sentence fitly expresses the Australian feeling behind the continued observance of Anzac Day.

The public memory is said to be short, and short it is on most matters, but not where the heart is touched so deeply as it is by the story of Gallipoli and all that it stands for.

So today, for the eighth year, we are remembering soberly and solemnly, the sacrifices that were made on April 25, 1915, by Australian men in the cause of honour and humanity, sacrifices which constituted our blood baptism as a nation.

The passing years do not tarnish our admiration for the unquestioning response to the call of duty made on Anzac’s fatal beach and cliff, nor do they dim our recollection of those who fell so bravely, that their comrades might succeed.

We go on to remembering these things, not vain gloriously, but proudly conscious that British manhood had not suffered by transplantation in this far off outpost was capable of carrying on the traditions to which we are heirs.

We like to think of their great Anzac adventure as the starting point of our real history, and though first and foremost our thoughts are for the gallant men who laid down their lives on Gallipoli, and for the bereaved ones who bore their loss so stoically, there is in an undercurrent of national pride which will not be denied.

lt asserts itself in the messages from the King and Queen, and from the Australian Prime Minister, which we publish elsewhere in our columns today, and it will ring through the sermons and speeches which are being delivered throughout Australia.

Anzac Day stands for a high idealism, and if we needed proof of it, we can find it in the determination of the returned sailors and soldiers that the occasion shall be one of solemnity and not of rejoicing.

The memory of the heroes is thus rededicated each year in every place of worship throughout our land, and today we have added to these requiems the unveiling of a Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance in Toowong Cemetery which shall stand in lasting assurance that “their name liveth for evermore”.

There is another side to the observance which is not less worthy and that is the carrying of the recollection of Anzac Day into our elementary schools, where soldiers and others well qualified for the task tell the boys and girls the story of Anzac and implant in their impressionable minds the morals of loyalty, devotion, patriotism and sacrifice which Gallipoli enshrines.

We in Queensland take pride in the fact that it was in this State that the Anzac Day movement was given birth, and we have seen the spirit of it spread like a flame through the other States.

In some of them the day is set apart from the cares of business.

Brisbane does not follow that example, but most employees are released from duty during the hours of the divine service, and in the minds of the people as a whole, the day is consecrated in a sense which no declaration of a holiday could heighten.

On the first anniversary the King cabled to Australia a tribute to the heroes, which closed with these words:

“May those who mourn their loss find comfort in the conviction that they did not die in vain, but that their sacrifice has drawn our peoples more closely together and added strength and glory to the Empire.”

It is in the spirit of those words that we carry on the Anzac tradition on today, realising that the men who died cemented the foundation of the country with their blood, shed in a nobly righteous cause.

— from the page 8 Editorial in “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of Friday, 25 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: Included in the State Library of Queensland Collection’s ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Queensland) Records (OMHA/2, Box 3550), is this clipping
from page 7 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 26 April 1924. It depicts the Honour Guard from HMS Dragon firing “a salute at the unveiling of the Cross of Sacrifice at Toowong Cemetery, on Anzac Day”.

Remembrance editorial


THE most massive stone ever hewn from a Queensland quarry is being dedicated today to the memory of those who fell or died of wounds or sickness as our soldiers in the Great War.

There is an ancestral touch about this memorial, a reminiscence of those hoary monoliths and cromlechs that are the sole mark on English soil of heroes whose dust, whose names, and whose deeds had otherwise passed into absolute oblivion.

A nation touched to the quick expresses itself in modes that go back to the roots of the race.

And nothing stirs, or has ever stirred, the heart of a great people like the spectacle of those who have died for their country.

The majesty of that sacrifice no years can dim.

Sorrow, and lamentation for the loss of the best and bravest inevitably become transmuted from passionate grief and longing to proud recollection of the loved and lost, whose earthly history had been arrested at the noblest moment of their lives, and fixed forever in the serenity of unwaning greatness.

The time for tears is past, but never the time for remembrance.

The Anzac [ Day ] Commemoration Committee has never failed in its effort to mark this day with dignity and propriety as is fitting of the place where the thought of keeping it as a day apart was born, but it has never more appropriately expressed the deepest and tenderest emotions evoked by Anzac Day than it has done on this ninth anniversary in the solemn dedication of a “Stone of Remembrance”.

Its massive stability is emblematic of the enduringness of our love and reverence for those who were our buttress in the day of calamity, and who themselves, rocklike, withstood the submerging waves of chaos that raged about them.

It is the replica of those great stones which stand near the entrances of all the great war cemeteries, and so links our God’s ace of three hundred and fifty soldier graves with those in the fields of France, the gullies of Gallipoli, the jungle of New Guinea, the “holy fields” of Palestine, and the mother earth of Britain.

Like these, also, this cyclopean stone bears no names upon it, neither of those who erected it nor of those for whom it is meant to be an everlasting remembrance.

It thus becomes to all alike, fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, a memorial of their boy.

And like The Cenotaph in London, this huge Helidon stone will be the place of meeting where the representatives of the King, the Governor-General and the Lieutenant-Governor today, will salute the deathless army, and where on the great public anniversaries commemorating the beginning and end of our Australian warfaring, as well as on those sacred private anniversary days in the calendar of families, wreaths of flowers for remembrance may be laid.

The Stone of Remembrance has a further office to perform to the people of this community.

It stands as witness to a task well done. It is also a rallying point for service yet to do for our country.

“Pessimism in the civilian is the counterpart of cowardice in the soldier.”

Those heroic men who scaled the heights of Gallipoli and who fought unflinchingly on Flanders fields beckon to us imperiously:

To you from dying hands we throw
The torch. Be yours to bear it high —
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, tho’ poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

They did not do well for themselves in any material sense, but they did well for their country, and The Stone of Remembrance is a perpetual challenge to all our citizens to give disinterested service to this great heritage which is ours, not simply by the good fortune of possession, but doubly ours because of the indomitable metal of Australia’s sons who bled in her defence.

The Anzac touch is needed to solve our great civil and developmental problems, a well-considered daring, which in a great State like Queensland should preserve us “from craven fears of being great”.

But most obvious of all our duties, and that one to which this Commemoration Day specially summons us, is the paramount duty of national defence.

The exacting price of maintaining our splendid heritage is perpetual vigilance and self-discipline. The naval men of the Squadron who are with us today remind us by their presence that Britain has paid ungrudgingly the price of Imperial safety on the sea.

In the maintaining of this security Australia has her share, for on it our national existence veritably depends. Such a task permits of no improvisation when the hour of peril arrives.

It is one we cannot shun, whatever glib-tongued peace-mongers may say.

The Stone of Remembrance points the way to The Cross of Sacrifice, and Anzac Day reminds us, and those who hold the reins of our Governments, that we must keep faith with our heroic dead, a trust we only fulfil by resolute preparedness to defend our own by land and sea.

— the page 4 Editorial from “The Brisbane Courier” of Friday, 25 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: Included in the State Library of Queensland Collection’s ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Queensland) Records (OMHA/2, Box 3550), is this clipping
from page 8 of “The Brisbane Courier” (Brisbane) of 26 April 1924. It depicts the Australian Governor-General, Lord Forster, unveiling of the Stone of Remembrance at Toowong Cemetery.

Cross of Sacrifice unveiling plans




THE joint honorary secretaries of the ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Canon David J. Garland and Captain E.R.B. Pike) [ David John Garland and Eustace Royston Baum Pike ] have been advised that the Governor-General (Lord Forster)[ Sir Henry William Forster ] has approved the draft programme for the unveiling and dedication the Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance at Toowong Cemetery.

The ceremony will therefore definitely commence at 9 a.m.

Advice has also been received from the Defence Department that His Excellency will be very pleased to take the salute at the march of the returned soldiers, which will take place at 2 o’clock.

The Minister for Public Instruction (Hon. J. Huxham) [ John Saunders Huxham ] has approved that suitable reference be made to ANZAC Day in the school paper for senior and intermittent classes published in March, also that in cases where the headteachers require assistance, competent visiting speakers selected by the ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee may address pupils during Thursday, April 24.

The schools will be closed on ANZAC Day.

— from page 8 of “The Telegraph” of 19 March 1924.

ABOVE: His Excellency the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Henry William Forster (Lord Forster), with the Archbishop of Brisbane (Dr. Gerald Sharp) looking on, officially pulls away a Union Jack
to reveal The Cross of Sacrifice at the Toowong Cemetery on the morning of ANZAC Day 1924. Photo courtesy of Picture Queensland, State Library of Queensland.