Cross and Stone unveiled

TOOWONG MEMORIAL.

GOVERNOR-GENERAL’S
EULOGY UNVEILING CEREMONY

 

THE spirit animating the large concourse of people in the Toowong Cemetery yesterday morning [ 25 April 1924 ] on the occasion of the unveiling of The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance was a pathetic blending of sorrow and pride.

There were over 3,000 people present.

The large space at the side of the inner enclosure, which had been reserved for the near relatives of members of the A.I.F., and the naval forces who had met their death on active service was well filled, and included many who were carrying wreaths to lay on The Stone of Remembrance.

On the other side of the enclosure was a guard of honour consisting of bluejackets from H.M.S. Dragon, under Lieutenant Drew.

Prior to the commencement of the ceremony proper, the Brisbane Citizens’ Band played appropriately solemn music, concluding with the “Dead March”, in “Saul”.

Punctually at the time appointed, 8:57 a.m., His Excellency the Governor-General, Lord Forster [ Sir Henry William Forster ], who was attended by Lt.-Commander W.J. Seymour [ William John Seymour ], personal A.D.C. [ Aide-de-Camp ], and Brigadier-General L.C. Wilson, A.D.C. [ Lachlan Chisholm Wilson ], arrived at the main entrance gate where he was received by the Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) [ William Neal Gillies ], the Officer Commanding Field Troops in Queensland (Major-General J.H. Bruche) [ Sir Julius Henry Bruche ] and the Commanding Officer H.M.S. Dragon (Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn) [ Bernard William Murray Fairbairn ].

His Excellency was then conducted to the scene of the ceremony.

Among those in the inner enclosure were:

At the foot of The Stone of Remembrance the Governor-General was received by the Archbishop of Brisbane (Dr. Sharp) [ Gerald Sharp ], and the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church (Rev. S. Martin) [ Samuel Martin ], who were the officiating clergymen.

The latter commenced the religious portion of the ceremony by reading Psalm 46.

His Excellency then unveiled The Stone of Remembrance and, accompanied by the officiating clergy, proceeded to The Cross of Sacrifice from which also he removed the flags which covered it.

Returning to The Stone of Remembrance, prayers were offered by Dr. Sharp and Rev. S. Martin, after which the Archbishop formally dedicated The Cross, “to the honour and glory of Almighty God and in memory of those who laid down their lives after the example of Him who made the one perfect sacrifice for all mankind.”

There was a tense silence for a few seconds until, at the word of command, the naval guard fired three volleys and The Last Post was sounded.

“TRIBUTE OF REVERENCE.”

The Governor-General said they all were there to do what had been done, and still was being done in the theatres of war thousands of miles away— to pay a tribute of reverence and admiration to the memories of those who, in splendid self-sacrifice, yielded their lives in the service of their country.

It was a fitting day on which to unveil those noble memorials — The Stone of Remembrance and The Cross of Sacrifice — and he wished to express on behalf of the Commonwealth its deep appreciation of the services rendered by the Government of Queensland in the provision of that noble stone.

In future, anyone who approached that hallowed spot must, he thought, remember the wonderful things that had been done by those whom they sought to honour, and would also think of the spirit of comradeship in which their beloved dead were lying, whether it were there in that cemetery or on the field of battle where they fell.

Just as they were comrades through all the horrors of warfare, so they believed that they all were comrades still in the peace and glory of immortal life, and it behoved all those who were left behind to do all they could to preserve that spirit of comradeship, in which those heroes had served and in which they had fallen.

And the second thought that must occur to them was the thought of remembrance.

They remembered the heroic service, the undaunted and undauntable bravery, the steadfast courage and fortitude shown in circumstances of almost incredible horror and hardship, of those who had suffered for them and died for them.

The pages of history would record the undying story of their triumph, and so long as the British race lasted, their fame would live and, as had been inscribed on The Stone of Remembrance, “Their name liveth for evermore”.

IMPERISHABLE GLORY.

And the third thought which came to their minds was that in erecting that Cross of Sacrifice they were commemorating the spirit of self-sacrifice by men humbly following in the steps of Christ, the Saviour of Mankind.

As the years rolled by and as the present generation passed hence, and the recollection of the pain and the suffering and the sorrow of the Great War faded away, there would remain nothing but the fame and the glory of great deeds.

Then would such memorials as those that had just been unveiled preserve the memory of those who had accomplished such wonderful things, and inspire successive generations by the splendid spirit in which they had been done.

And so, in perpetuating the memory of their illustrious dead, they turned to the sign of Him through whose self-sacrifice they had passed through the vale into the life immortal.

The thoughts that came to their minds on such an occasion as the present had been more beautifully expressed by a friend of his, a Member of the British House of Commons who, in the early days of the war, gave eloquent expression to what everyone felt, and he would conclude by reading to them what his friend [ Sir John Stanhope Arkwright ] had written:—

O valiant hearts, who to your glory came
Through dust of conflict and through battle flame;
Tranquil you lie, your knightly virtue proved,
Your memory hallowed in the land you loved.
Proudly, you gathered, rank on rank to war.
As you had heard God’s message from afar;
All you had hoped for, all you had, you gave
To save Mankind— yourselves you scorned to save.
Splendid you passed, the great surrender made,
Into the light that nevermore shall fade;
Deep your contentment in that blest abode,
Who wait the last dear trumpet-call of God.

ACTING PREMIER’S SYMPATHY.

The Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) said the fact that Lord Forster had lost his two sons at the war made them appreciate all the more the great service he had rendered them in performing this sad but important ceremony, on behalf of the State Government, he desired to express his heartfelt sympathy with all those who today mourned the loss of their dear ones.

It was fitting that their State, which took the lead in the observance of Anzac Day — the founder of which was a Queensland citizen— should likewise be the first State in Australia to complete The Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance.

It was likewise fitting that the site chosen by the committee should be in these sacred grounds, where lay the remains of some 350 Australian soldiers, and by that Cross and Stone they paid to them the same homage as was given to those of their own kith and kin, who now lay in the far away cemeteries on the battlefields of France and Gallipoli.

To the credit of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee, of which body Canon Garland [ David John Garland ] might well be described as the life and soul, Anzac Day had been observed in this State each year since the memorable landing on Gallipoli on April 25, 1915.

It was not an occasion for a lengthy speech, but rather an occasion for humility and reverence, for silence and thought, and for the earnest recognition of the fact that the only lasting comfort or reward for those who lost their sons, their brothers, their husbands, or their fathers, was the fulfilment of the promise of a lasting peace.

MEMORIAL WREATHS.

The placing of wreaths and other floral tributes at the base of The Stone of Remembrance then followed.

The first was a handsome cross of gilded leaves with red roses from the Governor-General.

From the State Governor (Sir Matthew Nathan) came a wreath of white and pink flowers, with green foliage.

The Acting Premier, on behalf of the State Government, laid on the Stone a strikingly effective wreath in the shape of the letter “Q”, made with rich red and golden-yellow chrysanthemums with a background of laurel leaves.

A simple laurel wreath came from the R.S. and S.I. League of Australia (Queensland) [ Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League of Australia (Queensland) Branch ], and others from the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee and the commanding officer, H.M.S. Dragon.

Another wreath which was dropped from an aeroplane and fell among the graves was picked up and placed in position near the Stone.

The number of private wreaths was very, large.

The, sounding of the Reveille ended the ceremonials.

WREATHS PLACED ON STONE.

Among the wreaths placed on The Stone of Remembrance were those from:—

  • The Governor-General (placed by Lord Forster)
  • The State Governor (by Colonel J.M.A. Durrant, A.D.C.)
  • The Acting Premier, on behalf of the State Government (by Mr. W.N. Gillies)
  • Commanding Officer, H.M.S. Dragon, on behalf of the Special Service Squadron (by Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn)
  • Anzac Day Commemoration Committee (by Canon Garland)
  • Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League (by Mr. Frazer East, State President) – [ Hubert Fraser East ]
  • Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Fathers’ Association (by Mr. Richardson) – [ Samuel Henry Richardson ]
  • Mayor and aldermen, City of Brisbane (by the Mayor, Alderman Barry)
  • Trustees [of] Brisbane General Cemetery
  • T.B. Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Association
  • Toowong Women’s Auxiliary
  • Royal Society of St. George (Brisbane Branch)
  • Auchenflower Troop Girl Guides
  • St. Augustine’s Hamilton War Memorial Church
  • South Brisbane Women’’s Auxiliary League
  • R.S. and S.I. League of Australia
  • Queensland National Bank, Rockhampton
  • Mr. Thomas Pearson
  • F. Concourt
  • R.S.S.I.L.A, Limbless Soldiers
  • R.S.S.I.L.A., Brisbane District Executive
  • R.S.S.I.L.A., Remount Section, Rosemount
  • Mrs. Walsh, 11th Regiment
  • Mr. and Mrs. Bloor and family
  • Mrs. Patton
  • Mr. J.F. Maxwell, M.L.A.
  • Mrs. McGregor-Lowndes – [ Jean McGregor-Lowndes ]
  • Relatives of Private S.J. Cole
    No. 6736, Private Sydney Joseph COLE, 15th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Wm. P. Sparkes
    No. 1654, Bombardier William Percival SPARKES, 7th Battery Field Artillery
  • Mr. L.W. Belcher
  • Relatives of Lieutenant A.G. Robertson
    — Lieutenant Alex Gordon ROBERTSON, 4th Australian Pioneers
  • Relatives of Corporal W.H. Roberts
    No. 1634, Temporary Corporal William Horace Floyd ROBERTS, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Captain R. Blake
    No. 7306, Captain Leslie Russell BLAKE MC, 105th Howitzer Battery, 5th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Relatives of Private Walsh
    No. 3897, Private Joseph Norman WALSH, 15th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of W.W. Prideaux
    No. 7309, Private William Walter PRIDEAUX, 24th Reinforcements, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Mr. and Mrs. Campbell
    No. 3426, Scout Corporal David Morrison CAMPBELL, 7th Reinforcements, 31st Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Bugler L. Bowers
    No. 4264, Private Albert John Llewellyn BOWERS, 31st Infantry Battalion
  • Mrs. R.E. Sexton (lately Townshend, formerly Sugars, nee Rae)
    No. 6163, Private John Robert Dalgleish TOWNSHEND, 17th Reinforcements, 25th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of Arthur J. Goodwin
    No. 7838, Private Arthur John GOODWIN, 26th Reinforcements, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of B. Chambers
    Captain Robert William Laws CHAMBERS, 105th Howitzer Battery, 5th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Friends of W. Holland
    No. 5592, Captain Walter Percival HOLLAND, 15th Reinforcements, 25th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of O. Hopkins
    No. 2678, Acting Corporal Donald Herbert Odo HOPKINS, 49th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of N. McWaters
    No. 16082, Private Norman Francis McWATERS, 11th Field Ambulance
  • Relatives of Gunner W. Longwill
    No. 1898, Gunner William Matthew LONGWILL, 13th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Relatives of S. Cutlock
  • Relatives of Mr. A. and L. Barrett.

At the request of Mr. and Mrs. A. Campbell, Mackay, a wreath was placed on The Stone of Remembrance by the joint Honorary Secretaries of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee [ David John Garland and Eustace Royston Baum Pike ].

The Brisbane Cemetery Trustees were represented at the unveiling and dedication of The Cross of Sacrifice by Mr. W.D. Grimes (chairman) [ William Douglas Grimes ], Colonel R.M. Stodart [ Robert Mackay Stodart ], Messrs. Petrie, Wassell, Harley, Scott and E. Griffith Oxley (secretary) [ Edward Griffith Oxley ], who was accompanied by Mrs. Oxley.

A feature of the unveiling and dedication ceremony of The Cross of Sacrifice was the hovering of an aeroplane over the ground during the ceremony.

A wreath was dropped from the ’plane from St. Augustine’s Memorial Church Committee, Hamilton.

— from page 7 of “The Daily Mail” (Brisbane) of Saturday, 26 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: A view of the scaffolding that enveloped The Cross of Sacrifice in late February-early March 1924 at Toowong Cemetery. On 26 September 1923, the ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee voted to accept the £720 quotation from the Toowong-based firm of master monumental masons, A.L. Petrie & Sons, to devise and erect The Cross of Sacrifice. The Stone of Remembrance and The Cross of Sacrifice were officially unveiled a mere 212 days later, on ANZAC Day, 25 April 1924. For 92 years, 10 months and 4 days Australia’s first ANZAC War Memorial was left unmolested as it stood sentinel over the nearby graves of at least 270 First AIF returned service personnel. Work is now under way to reinstate the vandalised bronze sword motif, requiring Brisbane City Council to erect similar temporary scaffolding around the memorial once more. 

Senator Moore on Garland

SENATE ADJOURNMENT DEBATE:
Senator for Queensland, Senator Claire Moore
21:14h, Tuesday, 19 April 2016

 

Senator MOORE (Queensland) (21:14): This Friday, at Kangaroo Point Cliffs Park in Brisbane, there will be a ceremony to honour the work of Canon David John Garland, an energetic Dublin-born Orangeman who became known as “the architect of ANZAC Day”.

The 25th of April, which is now such an important part of Australian life, was shaped by an extraordinary energetic, public-spirited and organisationally gifted Anglo-Catholic priest 100 years ago.

David Garland migrated to Brisbane in 1886. While working in Toowoomba as a law clerk, he was influenced by another extraordinary man, Reverend Tommy Jones at St James’ Parish in Toowoomba.

He converted from his strong Irish Protestant background to be part of the Anglo-Anglican Church.

In terms of the work that this man did – and that lives today – he developed the concept of the ANZAC Day ceremony which continues, in many ways, in a similar way to this day.

He saw that this ceremony should be an Australian All Souls’ Day – a remembrance day that, whilst having elements of religion, was essentially secular and was able to appeal to Australians and to people from overseas to gather together to commemorate sacrifice, to remember loss and to join together in this feeling.

He also understood that this needed to engage with people of all religions.

Again, at that time in Australia there were people who belonged to a number of churches, many of whom did not speak to each other. But, in particular, in the ANZAC Day ceremonies that Canon Garland was involved in he was determined that there be a balance in the way that the acknowledgement of ANZAC Day was done so that people of different theological backgrounds would be able to join together.

In those days, there were particular concerns around sectarianism between Protestants and Catholics. The Protestants did not believe in praying for the dead; it was not part of their theology. The Catholics at that time were bound by a process which would not allow them to join in services run by other religions.

Canon Garland cut through this kind of behaviour. The organising committee for the first ANZAC Day was a civic occasion brought together by the local political leaders at the local government level – the two mayors of Brisbane, as it then was – the Premier, the Leader of the Opposition and the various State Ministers. They got together to proclaim that they would inaugurate an ANZAC Day service in Brisbane.

They were seated together in moving forward with the ANZAC Day organising committee, of which Canon Garland was the secretary.

A historical photograph shows the civic leaders and also the religious leaders of the community together making a public statement that they were going to establish a ceremony in Brisbane.

On that stage were representatives of the key religious groups in Queensland – the head Rabbi, the Salvation Army, the various Protestant churches and, front and centre, Archbishop Duhig in all of his regalia. They were part of this grouping that was able to understand that the particular celebration, acknowledgement and remembrance of ANZAC Day was something that brought communities together.

Canon Garland’s previous activities actually showed the kind of passion, zeal and, as often quoted about the man, administrative abilities which were able to prepare him for this work that he took on to show the acknowledgement of whom he called “our lost”.

He served in the Diocese of Toowoomba and then in the Diocese of Grafton.

He was ordained a priest in Perth in 1892 and served in Western Australia for a decade, showing a real aptitude for administration and journalism.

He then, for the first time, was working with troops when he went to look at the troops in Fremantle ahead of their deployment to the Boer War. I think this was his first meeting.

This led to a lifelong dedication to “his boys” and the acknowledgement that “nothing was too good for the troops”.

In terms of the personality of Reverend Garland, it is very clear that he was a man of strong personality. He had an uncompromising determination to succeed in any cause he espoused. This character led to frequent and bitter clashes with the hierarchy in various parishes in which he operated.

If he could not work with a particular bishop – and that seemed to be regular in his clerical career – he resigned and moved to another diocese. However, in Perth, where he was first introduced to area of chaplaincy, he was deeply involved in the Bible in State Schools Committee.

This gave him a taste of the need to work within the community to advocate for a cause.

Most particularly, this was perhaps the first time he worked as a regular political advocate.

He worked – and I use the word absolutely deliberately – tirelessly with local parliamentarians in the area to ensure that work around Bible in State Schools would be successful.

He then transferred after there was a serious fallout with the bishop in Western Australia. The bishop at that time wrote a statement about Reverend Garland:

“He is very wilful and insubordinate, and in Queensland he is, in my opinion, far too deeply immersed in politics even to settle down as a quiet parish priest. What he needs, and what he professes to want, is a town parish, if possible among the poor. And further he needs to be in a sphere where there are other men of calibre. In Queensland he is a triton among the minnows.”

Donaldson, the Archbishop in Queensland, went on to say: “There is a lot of good in him: he is fearless, affectionate, sympathetic, and full of zeal, and withal a man of first-class ability.”

These kinds of acknowledgements continued to follow Canon Garland throughout his career because he was able to turn his concentration and energy to a range of different civic causes. The Bible in State Schools committee in Perth, in which he was active, gave him a taste. When he moved to Queensland, he became very engaged in the process around the successful referendum in Queensland in 1911 around the Bible in States Schools committee in our state which he led.

It was acknowledged that, to a large extent, the success of this process in Queensland was a result of Canon Garland’s engagement and administration.

He then moved to New Zealand because of the fame he had acquired in his work in the Bibles in state schools committee there. He worked in similar ways in New Zealand.

Whilst it did not have the same success, because the war was called and the political activity around the large-scale activity in New Zealand finalised, there was a genuine respect for his work-so much so that the New Zealand bishops wanted to show their appreciation by nominating him for a Canterbury doctorate. But, because of some of the personality issues with his Brisbane bishop, that was vetoed.

The Queensland bishop believed that Garland was not worthy, as he only had a Dublin primary school education – not enough to qualify for an exalted academic accolade.

When he returned to Brisbane, the outbreak of World War I led to a real opportunity for his organisational talents: first, as the secretary of the state recruiting committee; then, as an army camp chaplain; and, after Gallipoli, as the secretary of the first designated ANZAC Day commemoration committee in Australia.

He campaigned for a closed public holiday that would have the date of 25 April, with a set liturgy. He insisted that, as I said, it was Australia’s All Souls’ Day, with the concept that people would be able to have the opportunity to acknowledge the day in their own way.

The model for ANZAC Day commemoration was very much set by the work that Garland did in 1916, when he established that there would be a process for people to attend their own religious services in their various groups during the morning, then they would gather for some form of public process that would engage with people across the community, followed by a way for people – particularly ex-servicemen who were around – to have some kind of public gathering and dinner.

Again, this community spirit was the driving force of his process.

He also actively worked to ensure that the history of ANZAC and the history of Australians at war was something that was engaged in Queensland and Australian schools.

This model continues to this day with a process that we celebrate, where people go, particularly from the local RSLs, and talk with children at schools so that the memory of ANZAC will never be forgotten. It is absolutely fascinating that this model of commemoration, which was determined by a group in Brisbane with the driving force of Canon Garland, continues to be the type of commemoration that we have across Australia and internationally around ANZAC Day.

The process of having ANZAC Day declared as a national holiday challenged Canon Garland’s ability to advocate with politicians. He worked very hard to ensure that politicians at every level – local government, State Government and Federal Government – were aware of the importance of commemorating the spirit of ANZAC and the need to commemorate the deep loss of war.

His view was that this should be a day of sober remembrance and, in fact, one which would not have any public celebrations, such as races, or stores being opened. This was the concept he had. It was a difficult one and it took many years across the different States to work together to come up with the common day of 25 April and the common model for service.

Towards the end of the 1920s there was a very deep rift about the ownership of ANZAC Day, even in the Brisbane commemoration group, around whether it should be that of the chaplains and the community – the secular process – or whether it should be returned soldiers and what was then the precursor of the RSL. That was fought very, very strongly.

Indeed, towards the end of the 1920s, there was a great split, and the more secular approach, with the community activity and moving away from the closed day, was in the ascendancy. However, we still have this memory of the model that Canon Garland set up.

He was also responsible, I think, for one of the more exceptional fundraising processes to support the work and to make sure that soldiers were remembered and looked after – “Lavender Day”. It raised extraordinary amounts of money during the 1910s and 1920s. This money was used to support soldiers and to set up support areas across Queensland, particularly, where soldiers could stay and recuperate after they returned from the Front.

When he received a special task by the then Minister For Defence, George Pearce, Canon Garland was sent to Egypt to work with the soldiers and see to their welfare in that area.

That was a very important element, again brought forward by his political focus, because he was able to get this advice from the-then Defence Minister.

His time in Egypt yet again reinforced that there needed to be support services for soldiers so that they did not go into the evils of drink and misbehaviour which were much talked about at that time.

Again, Canon Garland actually serviced the spiritual as well as temporal needs of the young men, whom he truly loved.

He worked with them as a priest but also as someone very practical, setting up discussion groups, cafes and places where people could stay in safety so that they would not fall into the kinds of habits and behaviours of soldiers overseas which were then being questioned by both the Australian hierarchy and, particularly, the Australian community.

There has been much written about Canon Garland and the work that he did.

A very valuable book co-authored by John A. Moses and George F. Davis is now available at the War Memorial. It gives a history of ANZAC Day and its origins across Australia and New Zealand.

The role of Garland is clearly acknowledged in this book, and his passion and zeal to commemorate what he saw as the essential spirit of ANZAC Day is very valuable for all of us to acknowledge now. We could learn from the commitment that he gave.

I do not believe Canon Garland was an easy man. As I said, he had an ability to focus on his goals and be extraordinarily capable in that area but fell to a number of personality conflicts in his career.

I certainly read that in his work about raising the awareness of the need to support the war efforts in World War I: He said even the “hysterical women”, the suffragettes, who had “rendered the British Government incapable” before the war had returned to “the true ideals of womanhood” in time of crisis, supporting their King and Empire.

Perhaps that would be a discussion that I would not enjoy if I were there at the same time with Canon Garland. But I would value the spirit and the commitment he gave and also the inspiration and support he has given to people who are following after him, as we all are, in remembering the loss and the horror of war.

It is important that we now see the work of the Canon Garland Memorial Society, who have worked to ensure that this man’s memory is cherished and that the work that he has done for so many is remembered.

So, on this Friday in Brisbane, I want to acknowledge their work, and I think that the efforts they have made to have the Canon Garland Memorial – ANZAC Day Origins opened officially at Kangaroo Point on Friday morning attest as much to the man that they valued so greatly.

Canon Garland did receive the award of Member of the Order of the British Empire before he died, which was a very special moment for him. It was given to him for his services to church and Empire.

In providing the award to him, the-then Bishop – maybe we have not heard about any conflicts that Canon Garland had with that bishop – said: “I want to ask the Synod to pass this resolution in a very special way. I am stepping down on the floor of the House to convey to Canon Garland my personal thanks for the immense help that he has given me in the administration of the diocese during the last 15 months. It has been astounding to me how a man of his age can exercise such a wonderful energy. His influence has been most striking with all classes of thought amongst the clergy, the laity and the government of the State.”

Canon Garland was truly an amazing man. It is wonderful that we are able to commemorate his work and acknowledge that he has had a most striking impact with all classes of thought amongst the clergy, the laity and the government of our State.

– from Hansard, Australian Parliament, reproduced on Senator Claire Moore’s website.

 

ANZAC Day meaning

‘We remember
how ardently
we desire peace’

– Member for Griffith
on the meaning
of ANZAC Day

 

Ms TERRI BUTLER (Griffith) (18:55): “It is a pleasure to follow that excellent speech from the Treasurer in responding to this issue. On ANZAC Day we stop to remember sacrifice.

“It is a day on which we mark, as Sir Isaac Isaacs said, the loyalty, faith, courage, skill and endurance of those who served and of those who continue to serve. And it is a day to recall the terrible lessons of war and the pressing imperative for peace and security.

“One hundred years ago, more than 20,000 Australians and New Zealanders went ashore at the Gallipoli Peninsula. The four infantry battalions of the 3rd Brigade, Australian 1st Division, made the dawn landing.

“More than 620 Australians died on that first day of what was to become an eight-month battle. Two-hundred-and-five brave local men from the south side of Brisbane landed at ANZAC Cove that day: 131 from South Brisbane, 17 from Bulimba, 15 from Kangaroo Point, 11 from East Brisbane, 11 from Woolloongabba, nine from Coorparoo, seven from West End, two from Morningside and one each from Hawthorne and Norman Park.

“In Queensland, 57,000 young men signed up to serve in the ‘war to end all wars’. Two out of every three who served died or were wounded.

“At the time, Australia was a country of barely five million people. In the First World War, nearly 400,000 wore the uniform, of which 152,000 were wounded and 62,000 died.

“The men who went to Gallipoli gave themselves for the sake of others. In the hundred years since, many more locals from my electorate and from the south side have joined the Australian Defence Force. In doing so they have followed the ANZACs’ example.

“So many Australians have given their lives in our nation’s defence. Their names are inscribed on local war memorials and honour boards in every community across the country.

“The trees that were planted around the memorial park at Bulimba were planted in their honour.

“On ANZAC Day this year, as we have done every year, my community and I gathered together to honour the sacrifice of the ANZACs. It was a real honour for me to be able to give an address – upon which this address is based – to those gathered at the Bulimba Memorial Park.

“It was an honour to attend the dawn service at Morningside. It was an honour to attend the service shortly after dawn at the Greenslopes Private Hospital.

“It was also an honour to have been able to attend the Coorparoo RSL event that was held to mark 100 years of ANZAC, to have attended a small but beautiful ceremony that is held every year at the Balmoral memorial bowls club at Bulimba on Thynne Road and also to be represented at a range of other ANZAC ceremonies. We lost count of how many I participated in along with my office, but we bought in the vicinity of 20 wreaths.

“There were certainly thousands of people across the southside who commemorated the 100th year of ANZAC on that day, and I know that the same is true in your own electorate of Bonner, Mr Deputy Speaker.

“As our community gathered together on those days we remembered those who were lost and we thought of those who had returned but who would never be the same because of their injuries and what they had endured. And, of course, that was particularly noted at Greenslopes Private Hospital, which has a long association with an organisation that deals with those who have post-traumatic stress as a consequence of war.

“As I said, in remembering the ANZACs we remember how ardently we desire peace, to borrow another expression from former Australian Governor-General, Sir Isaac Isaacs.

“We remember that war stokes our desire for peace, because in remembering men and women’s sacrifice we necessarily remember death, horror, pain, and suffering. War shatters families, but not only families.

“Every loss leaves a hole in our community, and every war injury carries consequences not just for those injured but for the communities to which they return.

Image of Private George Harry Storey.
ABOVE: Private George Harry Storey of Bulimba was wounded while serving with the 5th Australian Light Horse Regiment on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. This photo of him appeared in “The Queenslander” of 3 July 1915 (page 28).

 

“George Harry Storey was a clerk who lived on Bulimba Street. He was just 19 when he left for Gallipoli, where he arrived as part of the 5th Light Horse Regiment on 16 May 1915.

“Twelve days later he was in the hospital with a gunshot wound to the head. Amazingly, he rejoined his unit, only to be back in hospital again by Christmas with frostbite.

“He was admitted to hospital three more times before returning to Australia and being medically discharged just three years following his enlistment. He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal for his valour.

“He served in Gallipoli, Egypt and Palestine. He died as a result of his war service at just 34 years of age. He is buried in the Balmoral Cemetery in the electorate of Griffith, which I have the honour of representing.

“George had enlisted just 12 days after his older brother, Fredrick. Fredrick was killed at Gallipoli on 8 August 1915. 

Image of Private Frederick Storey.
ABOVE: Aged just 24, Private Frederick Storey of the 15th Infantry Battalion and brother of Private George Harry Storey of Bulimba, was killed in action on the Gallipoli Peninsula on 8 August 1915. This photo appeared in “The Sydney Mail” of 28 June 1916 (page 24).

“You can imagine in that community, as well as in every other community around the country, the uncertainty and the grief and the suffering of the families and of the communities when they met, maybe at church – like the churches on Oxford Street, for example – to gather together as a community, and you can also imagine the community spirit as people rallied around those families who had not heard from members of their family who were at war.

“On ANZAC Day we mourn with all of those families who have lost people and we mourn with all of those communities who have lost those who made the ultimate sacrifice.

“We mourn for the lives lost and for what could have been if not for war. And on Anzac Day we also give thanks for those who have returned and for those who still serve – like all those veterans who attend the commemorative ceremonies that we hold and that the RSLs and services groups around the country hold each year on Anzac Day – the people who march on Anzac Day and the people who are unable to march but still attend.

“When Isaac Isaacs observed in 1937 our nation’s ardent desire for peace, he also spoke of what is needed – clear vision, a resolute heart and a strong arm. It is true today. That is why we owe everyone who has served and everyone who continues to serve a debt that cannot be paid.

“They serve so that our nation’s ardent desire for peace and security has a chance of being fulfilled.

“So, though we cannot repay the debt we owe, we can gather together each year, not to glorify war but to make sure that past sacrifices are never forgotten – as my community has done, in the local area, for many years.

“As you know, the first ANZAC Day commemoration committee came about from a public meeting in 1916. The community wanted to honour the fallen and all who had served.

It was under Canon David Garland’s energetic stewardship that the first ANZAC Day was commemorated.

“My friend and sometime opponent, Dr Bill Glasson, is a leader in the community who seeks to make sure that we remember the work of Canon David Garland.

“As you know, the Colmslie Sub-Branch of the RSL has led commemorations in the local area in my electorate for many years at Oxford Street, and our community was very grateful to them for that leadership.

“They had faced some challenges before this ANZAC Day and the community rallied around those people, including all of the other RSL sub-branches – and there are quite a few in my electorate – to ensure that the Morningside dawn service went ahead for the 100 years of ANZAC.

“There are so many – I have mentioned some of the RSL sub-branches. I have mentioned Coorparoo. There is also a sub-branch that you and I share, which is Holland Park, which has a strong naval contingent.

“There is the Cannon Hill District and Vietnam Services RSL Sub-Branch, the ‘Nashos’ at Norman Park, the Hellenic sub-branch down at West End, and I have mentioned Colmslie and the groups that coalesce around the memorial bowls clubs.

“There are so many services organisations. I should mention St Stephen’s; I should mention Yeronga, Dutton Park. There are so many that work so hard to ensure that we adequately, properly and respectfully commemorate the work, contribution and sacrifice of all members of the armed services, especially those who have made the ultimate sacrifice or those who have been injured at war.

“Our community also owes a great debt to those people who continue to stoke those commemorations.

“I conclude by expressing my gratitude to those organisations for ensuring that this year our community held wonderful, appropriate and dignified commemorations of the centenary of ANZAC.

“I express my deepest condolences to all who have lost family and friends to war, armed conflict or dangerous peacekeeping missions. I also offer sympathy to those survivors who have been wounded or have been affected by injury, whether seen or unseen.

“I know that my constituency would want me to express its gratitude to all of those who have served.”

– an extract from the House of Representatives “Hansard” from 6:55pm on Tuesday, 18 August 2015 (page 77).
The Member for Griffith, Ms Terri Butler, MP, was speaking to the Centenary of ANZAC motion.

PICTURED ABOVE: Dwarfed by wreaths and floral tributes from dignitaries as well as relatives and friends of the First AIF veterans whose freshly-dug graves were located nearby, this little girl stands before Toowong Cemetery’s Stone of Remembrance on the day it was officially unveiled by Australia’s Governor-General, Sir Henry William Forster (Lord Forster), on ANZAC Day, 1924. Canon Garland was tireless in his efforts to see this monument, and its companion, The Cross of Sacrifice, constructed to honour The Fallen of the Great War. This photo was sourced from the State Library of Queensland collections.

ANZAC Day significance

ABOVE: The newly-completed Stone of Remembrance and Cross of Sacrifice at Brisbane’s Toowong Cemetery in 1924. The graves of some 300 former First AIF personnel are located near this corner of the cemetery, which is in the Federal electorate of Ryan, itself named after former Queensland Premier and Queensland Anzac Day Commemoration Committee chairman, Thomas Joseph Ryan.

 

‘An occasion for humility and reverence’
– Member for Ryan on importance of Anzac Day

 

Mrs JANE PRENTICE (Ryan) (12:25): “I commend the Member for Higgins for bringing this motion forward. I appreciate the opportunity to speak in support of it.

“Anzac Day is very important to my family in so many ways. I am the mother of a serving soldier in the Australian Army; the daughter of a fighter pilot from World War II and subsequently a prisoner of war; and the great granddaughter of Sir George Pearce, Australia’s longest-serving defence minister.

“It was also T.J. Ryan, Premier of Queensland and chairman of the first Anzac Day Commemoration Committee of Queensland, after whom my seat of Ryan was named.

“Also of interest is that Canon David Garland, ‘the architect of Anzac Day’ as he is known, is buried in the Toowong Cemetery along with 300 soldiers from the First World War.

“Anzac Day has been observed each year since the memorable landing on Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. 

“In no way does the commemoration of Anzac Day glorify war. Rather, it recognises the sacrifice that our servicemen and servicewomen have made.

“It is in this tradition that, as we stand for a minute’s silence each year, we remember that we are standing in the presence of the dead and their living friends and relatives.

“It is an occasion for humility and reverence, for silence and thought. Sir George Pearce, as Acting Prime Minister, formally decreed Anzac Day.

“In his recent book, Anzac and Empire, John Connor, one of Australia’s leading military historians, details that ‘Pearce was almost single-handedly responsible for creating the key institutions of Australia’s modern defence organisation: the Royal Australian Navy, the Royal Military College, Duntroon and the Royal Australian Air Force’.

“Connor goes on to say that ‘to understand Australia in the Great War, you must understand the man behind it’.

“To say that our fighting men were drawn from the smallest towns and biggest cities is evidenced by the following statistics.

“From 1914 to 1918, Australia was a country of a mere four million people. Yet, 416,000 enlisted for service, representing 38.7 per cent of the total male population aged between 18 and 44.

“Of those, 57,705 were Queenslanders. By the end of the war, nearly 59,000 of our men were dead, 166,811 wounded and 4,000 were missing or prisoners of war.

“At almost 65 percent, the Australian casualty rate was the highest of the war. Of the 63 Victoria Crosses that were awarded, five were from Queensland.

“The ANZACs helped to define us as a people and as a nation.

“They were ordinary Australians who performed extraordinary deeds and who were drawn from the smallest towns and the biggest cities. 

“Recently I attended the opening of the Kenmore-Moggill RSL Sub-Branch where I had the opportunity to discuss with Kenmore State High School’s deputy principal, Mr Andrew Blight, the research project being undertaken by the school, in conjunction with the RSL.

“Students are tasked with researching a local soldier killed in action during the First World War.

“This creates the opportunity for the next generation to understand and remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice so that we may live in freedom.

“Students are uncovering the stories of our local heroes as part of the broader community’s centenary commemoration of Anzac.

“St Joseph’s School at Bardon has also undertaken a similar project with their Grade Seven students. It was an honour to join them last week at the Australian War Memorial. 

“In my electorate of Ryan, we have taken advantage of the Coalition’s commitment of a further $25,000 to the Anzac Centenary Local Grants Program, totalling $125,000.

“My electorate community committee recently approved a list of very high-quality projects, which will see our community understanding, respect and commemoration grow for the spirit of the ANZACs and for those who paid the ultimate price for our freedom. 

“Pending ministerial approval, I look forward to seeing the positive outcome of these grants and the benefit that the projects will have on the wider community and on the broader centenary of Anzac commemorations. 

“I wish to close by paraphrasing the sermon of the secretary of the original Anzac committee at St John’s Cathedral, marking Anzac Day 1924. Quoting from John 15:13, he said:

‘Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends’.

“Canon Garland went on to say that there was no room for anything other than a solemn observance of Anzac Day and to expand on his often expressed belief that Anzac Day was the All Souls’ Day of Australia and that it was therefore inappropriate to wear vestments or play joyous music of triumph but rather be penitent and filled with sorry for a world which caused the sacrifice of bright young lives, our dearest and our best.

“Lest we forget.”

– an extract from the House of Representatives “Hansard” from 12:25pm on Monday, 23 June 2014 (page 7042).
The Member for Ryan, Mrs Jane Prentice, MP, was speaking on the Anzac Centenary Local Grants Program.