Egyptian rebellion incidents



WHEN a “Daily Mail” representative found Chaplain-Colonel Garland, V.D. [ David John Garland, Volunteer Detachment ], who returned to Brisbane on Tuesday [ 9 September 1919 ], after an absence of about two years in Egypt, Palestine and Syria, he was very busily engaged and carried on a conversation while attending to other duties.

He had just held a service in The Anzac Club war chapel, which was nearly filled.

His son [ David James Garland ], a returned soldier, served at the altar, and Rev. W.J. Gerrard  [ William John Gerrard ] was the Assistant Priest.

After the service, members of the Soldiers’ Church of England Help Society (of which he is the founder and director) had morning tea as an informal welcome to him.

Then followed an inspection of The Anzac Club, and afterwards the workers and returned men shook hands and had a chat with their chaplain-colonel.

Chaplain-Colonel Garland established clubs for the troops is Cairo, Port Said, Moascar, Ismailia, Homs, Aleppo and Jerusalem, and a houseboat on the Nile for convalescents.

He supplied a large number of marquees to units, and did much else for the comfort of the men.

Asked his opinion of the Light Horsemen, he said, “No praise can be too great for the work of the Australians in the Great War.

“Over and over again they had been used as shock troops or held in reserve; for important and dangerous engagements.

“I do not want to depreciate others or make comparisons, and I am quite ready to criticise our own men where criticism is just, yet notwithstanding this, I am satisfied the Australians were excelled by none.”

He is very emphatic that the articles about the Australians’ misconduct are all exaggerated.

Their behaviour, he says, compared favourably with that of any other troops, and on one occasion, at least, the Australian troops rendered valuable assistance to the British authorities to keep order amongst other troops, and for this they received the thanks of the highest authority.

“During the recent rebellion in Egypt they did magnificent work,” he continued.

“They were just of the manner born, and, strange to say, while the Egyptians feared them, they learned in the end to almost love them.

“The rebellion was a serious thing. In my own case, I had to go to service in Cairo in an armoured car which was attended by a guard.

“The white women and children were removed to compounds, which were surrounded by heavily armed guards.

“That the rebellion was serious was shown by the fact that the Christians, Jews and Moslems joined together — natural enemies though they were.

“The Cross, the Crescent and the Shield of David were embroidered on the same banner— an unprecedented event in history.

“The rebellion was checked in time, however, and the British banner continued to fly over Cairo.”

Chaplain-Colonel Garland said he was greatly impressed with the splendid work of the Society during his absence.

While he always believed in the Society, what had been accomplished had exceeded even his faith in it.

At the Residential Club the previous night boys were sleeping on the floor, the place was so crowded while the Club itself during the morning was full of boys.

Plenty of women workers were on the premises. He wished to say of the women that nobody could accuse them of being easily tired, for he found among them those who had been working when he went away.

With them were new workers, whom he welcomed.

Evidently the Society was filling a want which the boys themselves appreciated, and he was sure it would continue so lone as the returned soldier cared to avail himself of its services.

— from page 10 of “The Daily Mail” (Brisbane) of 13 September 1919.
 The last contingents of Australian Light Horse Regiments left stationed in Egypt were tasked with containing a popular uprising of local citizens in 1919. This image appeared on page 27 of the “The Queenslander Pictorial, Supplement to The Queenslander” of 30 August 1919. The caption reads: “A souvenir of the disturbances in Egypt. This photograph was taken (by No. 1160, Middlesex-born Gallipoli veteran, Trooper Albert John Frisby of the 5th Light Horse Regiment) during the recent attempt to organise a rebellion in Egypt, when Australian Light Horsemen were escorting the trains. Trooper Alfred Benny [ No. 2254A, 5th Light Horse Regiment ], of Clermont (Queensland) is shown on the engine. He formed one of the party guarding the train.”

Lecturing in Mackay


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ], who is spending this week-end in Mackay, will lecture in the Parish Hall to-night at 8 on the Church Revival Centenary.

Canon Garland is one of the leading church men of Brisbane and is very well known in North Queensland.

He was Archdeacon of North Queensland for some years, and was Rector of Charters Towers from 1902 to 1907.

He is the first Anglican priest to be made a Knight of the Holy Sepulchre by the Patriarch Damianos of Jerusalem, and is an authority on the Orthodox Church.

He has made a special study of the history of the last 100 years of the Church of England.

He will be glad to answer questions after his lecture.

– from page 6 of “The Daily Mercury” (Mackay, Queensland) of 14 November 1932.

PICTURED ABOVE: Drawn from Canon Garland’s “Magic Lantern” series of glass slides, this scene was captured outside the great doors of Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre after the Thanksgiving service conducted by Canon Garland on Sunday, 9 December 1917, under the auspices of the Greek Orthodox Church. The commanding officer of the British Expeditionary Force, General Edmund Allenby [in light khaki], is preceded by the Archimandrite Nicodemus. This image – captured by a Lieutenant Gibbs – was first published – together with three other photographs actually taken by Canon Garland – on page 22 of “The Queenslander Pictorial” supplement to “The Queenslander” of 30 March 1918.

More recruits from the Bush


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ] preaching in Christ Church, Milton, last night [ 23 May 1915 ], said he had learned from headquarters that the number of applications for enlistment from the Brisbane area had been 200 to 10 a.m. on Saturday [ 22 May 1915 ].

This was less than the previous week.

He found from visiting the camps and asking the soldiers from what part of the State they had come that by far the larger number came from the north and west.

Too few came from Brisbane, where the population was larger than in country parts.

He said the Archbishop [ St Clair George Alfred Donaldson ] had never more fitly acted as a Bishop of the Church of England than in calling on its members to maintain the historic tradition of the Church in struggling for freedom for the people.

As of old, the Church of England had been the mother of Parliaments, and had compelled the granting of the Magna Charta, so today she was calling on her sons and all her people to take the lead in the extent of the sacrifice which was now demanded by the conditions of the war.

Let no one speak of giving a “quota”, nothing less than every man available would meet the terrible conditions and end the war.

There was no limit to the number required, and who would be accepted if fit.

— from page 8 of “The Brisbane Courier” of 24 May 1915.
 Christ Church Anglican Church, Milton, Brisbane. It marked its 125th anniversary in 2016.

Home from Palestine


LIEUTENANT-COLONEL Chaplain D.J. Garland, V.D., [ David John Garland ] returned to Brisbane last night [ 10 September 1919 ] after nearly two years’ service with the A.I.F. in Egypt, Palestine and Syria.

He was looking very well.

In course of conversation, he paid tribute to the great work accomplished by the Australian Light Horse, and remarked that the numbers engaged on the west Front and the colossal operations there carried out had had a tendency to overshadow the brilliant work of the Australians in Palestine.

He said that their great drives which swept over Syria were the most wonderful thing of their kind in military history.

In fact, the enemy could not believe that the Light Horse had travelled overland.

He defended the Australians from suggestions that they were not amenable to discipline, and he had a word of praise for the Australian Comforts’ Fund, remarking that, the boys could not have done without it at the Front, and on the transports.

Special receptions are being prepared for Canon Garland.

— from page 2 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 11 September 1919.

PICTURED ABOVE: Men of the Australian Light Horse on manoeuvres somewhere on the Palestine/Syria Front, late in World War I.
Canon Garland was the First AIF’s most senior Church of England chaplain in this theatre for the last two years of the war. 

July in Jerusalem

Fr Garland with troopers in Egypt, circa 1917-1919.


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ] writes from Jerusalem, in respect to the Church of England Australian Fund for Soldiers, on July 26:—

“In strolling through the old city of Jerusalem I was struck by the improvement and cleanliness, showing how our advent is making itself felt.

“The object of my visit was to secure premises for our [ Jerusalem ] Club, and after beating down the landlord I got the premises for £70 a year. They are three-storied.

“The ground floor is occupied by the military for grain store, and the other storeys are ours, and are in good repair, but they will need disinfecting and cleaning.

“I hope this will only take a couple of days, so that I can get them done and buy furniture and then send Mrs. Martin up.

“They are not two minutes from the Jaffa Gates [ sic ] , where our Australian boys are always hanging about trying to get into the Holy City.

“Today there were over 50 as I came through. There was nothing to do except to get them in. They would have become discontented, and some gone to wine shops.

“Our club will make a meeting place where they can rest and have a cup of tea.

“Chaplains look for them to take them into the Holy City.

“To-day, however, I could not go with this lot, but I got them in under charge of three officers, so they were all happy.

“Later in the day I took another party myself to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where I prayed at the Sepulchre and Calvary. The boys were most reverent and appreciative.

“Then I went down to St. George’s Cathedral to witness an entertainment by the ‘Church Army’ in honour of the extension of its previous work in Jerusalem, which is very important.

“At 1 p.m. next day the car arrived for me from the Desert Corps Headquarters, and in an hour I was there, dropped 1,000 ft. amidst dust, too great for words, ran through Bethany, passed the site of the Inn of the Good Samaritan, the well which marked the boundary between Jerusalem and Israel, along the road which our Lord often trod to His loved Bethany, and the road which He followed to Jericho, Jordan, and Galilee.

“I dined at headquarters with three other generals; they were all keenly interested in our Jerusalem Club, showed much sympathy, and gave practical help.

“General T. said it was very much needed, and would do good work.

“The sanitation and water supply are big problems.

“After a conference with General T. I left by car for Jerusalem, and went to a camp in Bethlehem, where I saw one of our marquees in use as a regimental or camp canteen, much appreciated by the boys.

“Then we drove to St. Simon’s, where there is an ambulance rest camp, not for boys from hospital, but just tired and run-down in the lines.

“Here I saw two marquees of ours, one used as a shade rest tent for the boys to loaf in, and the other for entertainment.”

— from page 2 of “The Express and Telegraph” (Adelaide, South Australia) of 25 September 1918.

PICTURED ABOVE: From Canon Garland’s “Magic Lantern” series of photographs taken while he was senior Church of England military chaplain with the First AIF in Jerusalem and the Palestine/Syria campaign between 1917 and 1918. This image shows Canon Garland posing with some of “the boys” of the First AIF. For their entertainment and relaxation, a hostel was established “not two minutes from the Jaffa Gates”.

Off to the Front





AT the Coo-ee Cafe yesterday morning [ 12 October 1917 ] occasion was taken to bid farewell to Chaplain Lieutenant Colonel Garland [ David John Garland ], who is shortly leaving Australia on a visit to the troops.

Mr A. Leney (Town Clerk of South Brisbane) [ Alfred Leney ] occupied the chair, and testified to the high esteem in which the guest was held, and the valuable services he had rendered, especially in connection with recruiting.

Captain G.M. Dash (State Organiser of Recruiting) [ George Macdonald Dash ] mentioned the fact that Lieutenant Colonel Garland was the first organising secretary of the State Recruiting Committee, and that no one was better acquainted with the amount of work which the securing of men involved.

He remarked on the manner in which he had dedicated himself to the service of the Empire ever since the war began, and added a personal word of high appreciation.

Colonel the Hon. A.J. Thynne MLC [ Andrew Joseph Thynne ] spoke of the time when he was almost absolutely dependent on Canon Garland in getting the recruiting work into organised shape, and vouched that Canon Garland had continued his efforts.

He did not think the public or the soldiers at the Front and in camp had ever realised the exceeding obligation they were under to their guest. (Hear, hear.)

With his active mind, and his keen activity among the men, Canon Garland had been able to put his finger on things which even commanding officers had missed, and about which people outside knew nothing whatever.

He wished to make his adieu to him in the most cordial way possible, and hoped his enterprise would be eminently successful. (Applause.)

Mr J.J. Knight [ John James Knight ], supplementing the felicitations, described Canon Garland as one of his oldest friends.

He alluded to the guest’s one time “mania” for municipal reform, and confessed that after what differences there were between them he had always had the suspicion lurking in his mind that Canon Garland was right. (Laughter and applause.)

He was sure that officers and men at the Front would not be long in doubt as to Canon Garland’s arrival there, and was equally sure that the energy and enthusiasm that Canon Garland would put into his work, whatever it might be, would prove beneficial both to the military authorities and the men. (Applause.)

Mr John Adamson (ex-Minister for Railways) [ John Adamson ] also referred to differences he had had with Canon Garland in the past, and paid that gentleman the compliment of saying that he had always found him a square fighter, and one who had ever stood by the boys going to the Front, those at the Front, and those who had returned.

Messrs R.J. Morris [ Robert John Morris ] and J. Ure McNaught [ John Ure McNaught ] followed with tributes to Canon Garland’s worth, and the chairman then asked the guest to accept a photographic camera as a token of esteem from numerous friends

In responding, Chaplain Lieutenant Colonel Garland spoke of the occasion as one associated with many manifestations of personal good will.

He touched on the relationship which should exist between the social life of the community and the life political, and went on to say that he felt keenly today the manner in which Australia had broken her pledge to the boys at the Front.

The one paramount pledge was that given by the whole people that they would stand by them and send them adequate reinforcements, and he had always tried to do his share towards keeping that pledge.

He was going to the Front to look after the moral and social needs of the men, and this implied that he would be compelled to take up the stakes he had planted here.

God only knew whether he would return to drive them in again, or whether if he did return he would be able to drive them in, but however that might be their presence and encouraging words could be an inspiration to him and he would try to some extent to succeed in justifying their kindness, their friendship and their generous intentions towards him. (Applause.)

Before separating the company took a personal farewell of Canon Garland, wishing him godspeed, with the hope that an opportunity for a final goodbye would present itself.

— from page 15 of “The Brisbane Courier” of 13 October 1917.

 George Macdonald Dash
the Commonwealth Loan Organiser, had to thank his father, the late Rev. Edward Dash, for giving him a surname that fits his occupation to a “T”With no influence whatever behind him but his own energy, initiative and method, he has come to be regarded as Australia’s greatest organiser and publicity man. He has been associated with the organising of over £200,000 of Commonwealth and State loans. Although a prominent Nationalist, he stepped into the breach and raised £2,000,000 locally in Queensland for Premier Theodore [ Edward Granville Theodore ] after the failure of the London mission in 1920. At first Hon. Secretary of the recruiting movement in the northern State, in October, 1916, he became Chief Military Registrar for Queensland in connection with ‘Billy’ Hughes’ [ William Morris Hughes ] now historic “Call-up”. Just how he got through on that memorable occasion is best shown by one of his most treasured possessions — to wit, a press cutting from the Labor “Daily Standard”, Brisbane, which complimented him on his absolute fairness to rich and poor alike, in the notorious Exemption Courts. For a time he was Chief Organiser of the Nationalist Party in Bananaland, but big George Dash has too much of the milk of human kindness in his soul to wage a bitter political battle with any personal friend of opposite party views, so be transferred his attention to war loan, and other non-political campaigns such as the Red Cross and soldiers’ relief funds. The Brisbane Diggers called on him at Xmas time, 1916, to try and raise £1,000 for them to feed the out-of-work Diggers’ wives and kiddies, who were right up against it, even for tucker. George who has four sons and six daughters of his own, was touched on a soft spot. In a whirlwind campaign which lasted only three days, he scooped in £2,000, and not a single Digger went hungry. In three States he has visited every town with over 200 inhabitants, and knows the other States nearly as well — in fact there are few men who know it better, outside the ranks, of the commercial travellers. A couple of years ago he bought an interest in a city newspaper in Brisbane, but the call of the loan campaigns still brings him to the headquarters of the Commonwealth Bank, in Sydney, for a few months each year. He has one of the most fertile brains in Australia – advertising ideas and organising schemes break out on him in the night like a rash, yet withal he is the coolest and most amazingly cheerful ‘big job’ man in the city. What is more, he takes just the same size in hats as he did before he commenced his meteoric rise in the organising world, ten years ago. The reason of his success he himself gives you in two words: “My wife”Incidentally, Mrs. Dash is one of the handsomest and youngest-looking “mothers of ten” to be found south of the line. Hobbies: Putting his superfluous savings into the totalisator machine. Vices: Enjoying a “spot” with a few pals while he relates the “very latest”.
– from page 8 of Sydney’s “The Truth” newspaper of 23 March 1924.