Lecturing in Mackay


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ], who is spending this week-end in Mackay, will lecture in the Parish Hall to-night at 8 on the Church Revival Centenary.

Canon Garland is one of the leading church men of Brisbane and is very well known in North Queensland.

He was Archdeacon of North Queensland for some years, and was Rector of Charters Towers from 1902 to 1907.

He is the first Anglican priest to be made a Knight of the Holy Sepulchre by the Patriarch Damianos of Jerusalem, and is an authority on the Orthodox Church.

He has made a special study of the history of the last 100 years of the Church of England.

He will be glad to answer questions after his lecture.

– from page 6 of “The Daily Mercury” (Mackay, Queensland) of 14 November 1932.

PICTURED ABOVE: Drawn from Canon Garland’s “Magic Lantern” series of glass slides, this scene was captured outside the great doors of Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre after the Thanksgiving service conducted by Canon Garland on Sunday, 9 December 1917, under the auspices of the Greek Orthodox Church. The commanding officer of the British Expeditionary Force, General Edmund Allenby [in light khaki], is preceded by the Archimandrite Nicodemus. This image – captured by a Lieutenant Gibbs – was first published – together with three other photographs actually taken by Canon Garland – on page 22 of “The Queenslander Pictorial” supplement to “The Queenslander” of 30 March 1918.

More recruits from the Bush


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ] preaching in Christ Church, Milton, last night [ 23 May 1915 ], said he had learned from headquarters that the number of applications for enlistment from the Brisbane area had been 200 to 10 a.m. on Saturday [ 22 May 1915 ].

This was less than the previous week.

He found from visiting the camps and asking the soldiers from what part of the State they had come that by far the larger number came from the north and west.

Too few came from Brisbane, where the population was larger than in country parts.

He said the Archbishop [ St Clair George Alfred Donaldson ] had never more fitly acted as a Bishop of the Church of England than in calling on its members to maintain the historic tradition of the Church in struggling for freedom for the people.

As of old, the Church of England had been the mother of Parliaments, and had compelled the granting of the Magna Charta, so today she was calling on her sons and all her people to take the lead in the extent of the sacrifice which was now demanded by the conditions of the war.

Let no one speak of giving a “quota”, nothing less than every man available would meet the terrible conditions and end the war.

There was no limit to the number required, and who would be accepted if fit.

— from page 8 of “The Brisbane Courier” of 24 May 1915.
 Christ Church Anglican Church, Milton, Brisbane. It marked its 125th anniversary in 2016.

Home from Palestine


LIEUTENANT-COLONEL Chaplain D.J. Garland, V.D., [ David John Garland ] returned to Brisbane last night [ 10 September 1919 ] after nearly two years’ service with the A.I.F. in Egypt, Palestine and Syria.

He was looking very well.

In course of conversation, he paid tribute to the great work accomplished by the Australian Light Horse, and remarked that the numbers engaged on the west Front and the colossal operations there carried out had had a tendency to overshadow the brilliant work of the Australians in Palestine.

He said that their great drives which swept over Syria were the most wonderful thing of their kind in military history.

In fact, the enemy could not believe that the Light Horse had travelled overland.

He defended the Australians from suggestions that they were not amenable to discipline, and he had a word of praise for the Australian Comforts’ Fund, remarking that, the boys could not have done without it at the Front, and on the transports.

Special receptions are being prepared for Canon Garland.

— from page 2 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 11 September 1919.

PICTURED ABOVE: Men of the Australian Light Horse on manoeuvres somewhere on the Palestine/Syria Front, late in World War I.
Canon Garland was the First AIF’s most senior Church of England chaplain in this theatre for the last two years of the war. 

July in Jerusalem

Fr Garland with troopers in Egypt, circa 1917-1919.


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ] writes from Jerusalem, in respect to the Church of England Australian Fund for Soldiers, on July 26:—

“In strolling through the old city of Jerusalem I was struck by the improvement and cleanliness, showing how our advent is making itself felt.

“The object of my visit was to secure premises for our [ Jerusalem ] Club, and after beating down the landlord I got the premises for £70 a year. They are three-storied.

“The ground floor is occupied by the military for grain store, and the other storeys are ours, and are in good repair, but they will need disinfecting and cleaning.

“I hope this will only take a couple of days, so that I can get them done and buy furniture and then send Mrs. Martin up.

“They are not two minutes from the Jaffa Gates [ sic ] , where our Australian boys are always hanging about trying to get into the Holy City.

“Today there were over 50 as I came through. There was nothing to do except to get them in. They would have become discontented, and some gone to wine shops.

“Our club will make a meeting place where they can rest and have a cup of tea.

“Chaplains look for them to take them into the Holy City.

“To-day, however, I could not go with this lot, but I got them in under charge of three officers, so they were all happy.

“Later in the day I took another party myself to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where I prayed at the Sepulchre and Calvary. The boys were most reverent and appreciative.

“Then I went down to St. George’s Cathedral to witness an entertainment by the ‘Church Army’ in honour of the extension of its previous work in Jerusalem, which is very important.

“At 1 p.m. next day the car arrived for me from the Desert Corps Headquarters, and in an hour I was there, dropped 1,000 ft. amidst dust, too great for words, ran through Bethany, passed the site of the Inn of the Good Samaritan, the well which marked the boundary between Jerusalem and Israel, along the road which our Lord often trod to His loved Bethany, and the road which He followed to Jericho, Jordan, and Galilee.

“I dined at headquarters with three other generals; they were all keenly interested in our Jerusalem Club, showed much sympathy, and gave practical help.

“General T. said it was very much needed, and would do good work.

“The sanitation and water supply are big problems.

“After a conference with General T. I left by car for Jerusalem, and went to a camp in Bethlehem, where I saw one of our marquees in use as a regimental or camp canteen, much appreciated by the boys.

“Then we drove to St. Simon’s, where there is an ambulance rest camp, not for boys from hospital, but just tired and run-down in the lines.

“Here I saw two marquees of ours, one used as a shade rest tent for the boys to loaf in, and the other for entertainment.”

— from page 2 of “The Express and Telegraph” (Adelaide, South Australia) of 25 September 1918.

PICTURED ABOVE: From Canon Garland’s “Magic Lantern” series of photographs taken while he was senior Church of England military chaplain with the First AIF in Jerusalem and the Palestine/Syria campaign between 1917 and 1918. This image shows Canon Garland posing with some of “the boys” of the First AIF. For their entertainment and relaxation, a hostel was established “not two minutes from the Jaffa Gates”.

Off to the Front





AT the Coo-ee Cafe yesterday morning [ 12 October 1917 ] occasion was taken to bid farewell to Chaplain Lieutenant Colonel Garland [ David John Garland ], who is shortly leaving Australia on a visit to the troops.

Mr A. Leney (Town Clerk of South Brisbane) [ Alfred Leney ] occupied the chair, and testified to the high esteem in which the guest was held, and the valuable services he had rendered, especially in connection with recruiting.

Captain G.M. Dash (State Organiser of Recruiting) [ George Macdonald Dash ] mentioned the fact that Lieutenant Colonel Garland was the first organising secretary of the State Recruiting Committee, and that no one was better acquainted with the amount of work which the securing of men involved.

He remarked on the manner in which he had dedicated himself to the service of the Empire ever since the war began, and added a personal word of high appreciation.

Colonel the Hon. A.J. Thynne MLC [ Andrew Joseph Thynne ] spoke of the time when he was almost absolutely dependent on Canon Garland in getting the recruiting work into organised shape, and vouched that Canon Garland had continued his efforts.

He did not think the public or the soldiers at the Front and in camp had ever realised the exceeding obligation they were under to their guest. (Hear, hear.)

With his active mind, and his keen activity among the men, Canon Garland had been able to put his finger on things which even commanding officers had missed, and about which people outside knew nothing whatever.

He wished to make his adieu to him in the most cordial way possible, and hoped his enterprise would be eminently successful. (Applause.)

Mr J.J. Knight [ John James Knight ], supplementing the felicitations, described Canon Garland as one of his oldest friends.

He alluded to the guest’s one time “mania” for municipal reform, and confessed that after what differences there were between them he had always had the suspicion lurking in his mind that Canon Garland was right. (Laughter and applause.)

He was sure that officers and men at the Front would not be long in doubt as to Canon Garland’s arrival there, and was equally sure that the energy and enthusiasm that Canon Garland would put into his work, whatever it might be, would prove beneficial both to the military authorities and the men. (Applause.)

Mr John Adamson (ex-Minister for Railways) [ John Adamson ] also referred to differences he had had with Canon Garland in the past, and paid that gentleman the compliment of saying that he had always found him a square fighter, and one who had ever stood by the boys going to the Front, those at the Front, and those who had returned.

Messrs R.J. Morris [ Robert John Morris ] and J. Ure McNaught [ John Ure McNaught ] followed with tributes to Canon Garland’s worth, and the chairman then asked the guest to accept a photographic camera as a token of esteem from numerous friends

In responding, Chaplain Lieutenant Colonel Garland spoke of the occasion as one associated with many manifestations of personal good will.

He touched on the relationship which should exist between the social life of the community and the life political, and went on to say that he felt keenly today the manner in which Australia had broken her pledge to the boys at the Front.

The one paramount pledge was that given by the whole people that they would stand by them and send them adequate reinforcements, and he had always tried to do his share towards keeping that pledge.

He was going to the Front to look after the moral and social needs of the men, and this implied that he would be compelled to take up the stakes he had planted here.

God only knew whether he would return to drive them in again, or whether if he did return he would be able to drive them in, but however that might be their presence and encouraging words could be an inspiration to him and he would try to some extent to succeed in justifying their kindness, their friendship and their generous intentions towards him. (Applause.)

Before separating the company took a personal farewell of Canon Garland, wishing him godspeed, with the hope that an opportunity for a final goodbye would present itself.

— from page 15 of “The Brisbane Courier” of 13 October 1917.

 George Macdonald Dash
the Commonwealth Loan Organiser, had to thank his father, the late Rev. Edward Dash, for giving him a surname that fits his occupation to a “T”With no influence whatever behind him but his own energy, initiative and method, he has come to be regarded as Australia’s greatest organiser and publicity man. He has been associated with the organising of over £200,000 of Commonwealth and State loans. Although a prominent Nationalist, he stepped into the breach and raised £2,000,000 locally in Queensland for Premier Theodore [ Edward Granville Theodore ] after the failure of the London mission in 1920. At first Hon. Secretary of the recruiting movement in the northern State, in October, 1916, he became Chief Military Registrar for Queensland in connection with ‘Billy’ Hughes’ [ William Morris Hughes ] now historic “Call-up”. Just how he got through on that memorable occasion is best shown by one of his most treasured possessions — to wit, a press cutting from the Labor “Daily Standard”, Brisbane, which complimented him on his absolute fairness to rich and poor alike, in the notorious Exemption Courts. For a time he was Chief Organiser of the Nationalist Party in Bananaland, but big George Dash has too much of the milk of human kindness in his soul to wage a bitter political battle with any personal friend of opposite party views, so be transferred his attention to war loan, and other non-political campaigns such as the Red Cross and soldiers’ relief funds. The Brisbane Diggers called on him at Xmas time, 1916, to try and raise £1,000 for them to feed the out-of-work Diggers’ wives and kiddies, who were right up against it, even for tucker. George who has four sons and six daughters of his own, was touched on a soft spot. In a whirlwind campaign which lasted only three days, he scooped in £2,000, and not a single Digger went hungry. In three States he has visited every town with over 200 inhabitants, and knows the other States nearly as well — in fact there are few men who know it better, outside the ranks, of the commercial travellers. A couple of years ago he bought an interest in a city newspaper in Brisbane, but the call of the loan campaigns still brings him to the headquarters of the Commonwealth Bank, in Sydney, for a few months each year. He has one of the most fertile brains in Australia – advertising ideas and organising schemes break out on him in the night like a rash, yet withal he is the coolest and most amazingly cheerful ‘big job’ man in the city. What is more, he takes just the same size in hats as he did before he commenced his meteoric rise in the organising world, ten years ago. The reason of his success he himself gives you in two words: “My wife”Incidentally, Mrs. Dash is one of the handsomest and youngest-looking “mothers of ten” to be found south of the line. Hobbies: Putting his superfluous savings into the totalisator machine. Vices: Enjoying a “spot” with a few pals while he relates the “very latest”.
– from page 8 of Sydney’s “The Truth” newspaper of 23 March 1924.


Recruiting Committee sparks fly






AT a well-attended meeting of the Queensland Recruiting Committee at Preston House last evening [ 7 September 1916 ] , Mr. A.J. Thynne, M.L.C., [ Andrew Joseph Thynne ] presiding, a report was submitted in which details were given of the work done since the last general meeting in March.

Lengthy reference was made in the report to the experiences in connection with the census cards and the work done generally in the way of recruiting.

Under the heading — “Our Duty Towards Conscription” — the report continued—

“Shortly after the last general meeting of this committee the demand for conscription began to be insistent, and committees were threatening to ‘down tools’ in several districts.

“Whereas we felt that the steady decline in recruiting under the voluntary system was forcing upon the country the need for more drastic measures, we realised that we were in existence simply because the voluntary system was the policy of the time, and we deemed it our duty to exhort committees by every means possible to redouble their efforts under the present system rather than embarrass the Government by advocating the policy which we deemed the Government might have good reasons for not instituting immediately.

“In order, however, to obtain the utmost possible data on this subject for the guidance of the Minister for Defence [ George Foster Pearce ] we took a referendum of the local committees on the subject, asking them to tell as nearly and impartially as possible what was the feeling of the men of military age in their particular district towards the question of conscription.

“We impressed upon them the necessity for an impartial answer being given also, asked them to keep their investigations confidential so that the voluntary recruiting system might not be prejudiced.

“The result of the referendum showed that 95 percent of the local committees affirmed that conscription was the desire of their men of military age.

“We have all along kept the Minister for Defence posted up with this information, and the Minister has taken the opportunity, on a number of occasions of thanking this committee for our work and also our endeavours to assist him in the difficult and trying position in which he found himself.

“Colonel Thynne visited Melbourne on one occasion and discussed recruiting matters generally with the Minister for Defence.

“On August 7 we wrote to the Minister for Defence pointing out that a unanimous view is held that we must have some further measures if we are to keep up the number of reinforcements that the military authorities demand of Queensland.

“The Minister replied thanking us for the trouble we had gone to in the matter.”

After dealing with the general decline in recruiting, the report stated:—

“The cry met with everywhere is ‘Why don’t you give us conscription?’

“At the last big representative conference that we held, a motion in favour of conscription was carried unanimously, the delegates even standing and cheering.

“At the first mention of the word conscription at the Stadium all the audience present seemed to cheer.

“It must be stated here, however, that in the general argument in favour of conscription there have been many other influences at work retarding enlistments.

“The German element, in many centres provides a constant source of trouble.

“Many men refuse to leave their homes with the knowledge that Germans or men of German origin are left behind.

“One recruiting committeeman stated that he could see only 10 homes from his front verandah, in a certain district, and that every one of the 10 was inhabited by a German family.

“At every gathering of committeemen we are met with the same demand, that enemy aliens should all be interned and that men of enemy parentage should be disfranchised [ sic ].

“We have passed this resolution from time to time along to headquarters, but nothing of a public character seems to have been done to allay the fears of Britishers resident in these German affected districts, of which there are many In Queensland.

“The problem of what to do with these semi-Germans is a very live one.

“Britishers, argue that it is not safe to recruit them, neither is it safe or fair for the Britishers to have to go away and fight and leave the semi-Germans in peace and prosperity.

“The whole matter is one for the Federal Government to deal with, and we can only trust to them to do what is right in regard to it.

“There seems to have been an organised campaign of lies in some districts, particularly the big industrial centres — lies that would have the effect of prejudicing recruiting if given widespread currency — apparently engineered through some particular source.

“The influence of the extreme section of trade unionists has also been a serious factor.

“It does not appear by any means that the majority of trade unionists have any desire to prejudice recruiting, but the influence of the noisy minority has been very considerable in the industrial centres.

“About the time of your last general meeting a regulation was introduced providing for the enlistment of men of enemy parentage upon the granting and endorsement of a certificate of loyalty signed by each of the five members of the local confidential committee of the district where the applicant resided.

“This did not admit a very great number of men into the forces by reason of the difficulty of always being able to get five men in any one locality to swear that the applicant was personally known to them to be loyal.

“Recently, however, this regulation has been slightly modified, and it is now possible for a man to secure admittance to the A.l.F. on a certificate of three of the local committeemen, provided the other two committeemen know nothing against the applicant.”

The chairman, in moving the adoption of the report, said there had been a slight improvement in recruiting during the previous day or two, but the number of volunteers still fell far short, of requirements.

The Committee, however, intended to persevere without relaxing their efforts in any way until the end of the month, and possibly when the public attention had been drawn to the seriousness of the situation, the response would be very much greater.

The trouble arose chiefly from the failure of the public to realise the gravity of the position, and while tho people were preoccupied with State politics and State affairs generally, it would be very difficult to get them to realise how serious the outlook was.

On the previous day, he had written to the Premier [ Thomas Joseph Ryan ], urging on hint the advisability of adjourning the State Parliament for a week or two for the purpose of giving the members of the legislature an opportunity of touring the country, and endeavouring to make the people generally see where their duty lay, and to realise the urgent need for reinforcements at the Front.

Writing that day (7th inst.) to the Minister for Defence, he had stated that the Committee had reliable information that in certain farming districts in Queensland which had been strongly in favour of conscription, there had been such a reaction that the majority now were against it.

He thought it would be a good thing to adopt a system of tribunals to adjudicate upon applications for exemption from military service.

In the appointment of such tribunals he considered that it would be wise to avoid the inclusion of extremists of any kind.

Another problem which would have to be forced was that of filling the vacancies in the industrial life of the community which would he caused by the calling up of large numbers of young men for training.

It had been estimated by Professor Gibson that by the middle of October there would be 15,000 young men in camp in Queensland, and the work which they were now doing in the community would have to be done by others.

Canon Garland [ David John Garland ] : The national organisation of women is the only solution. I advocated that 12 months ago.

Brigadier-General Lee laid stress on the urgent need for reinforcements, and said, if Australia failed to keep up the strength of her armies, she would be covered with ignominy.

Australians now had to decide whether they were going to be loyal or disloyal.

If they were loyal they would see that the men in the trenches were supported, and if they failed to do that they proved themselves disloyal.

The chairman said the question of the employment of women had been discussed that afternoon at a conference between three representatives of the National Council of Women and three members of the Recruiting Committee, and an effort would be made to arrive at some practicable scheme for utilising the services of the women of Queensland.

If 15,000 men were withdrawn from industrial activity suddenly there would be a huge demand for women workers in many spheres in which they had never been employed before.

Employers in many avocations would have to take women workers and make the host of them, training them gradually to do what was required of them.

There were, however, many occupations which were really superfluous, and, which would have to be dispensed with under war conditions.

Canon Garland seconded the motion for the adoption of the report.

He spoke of the completeness with which women’s labour had been organised in England where, he declared, all classes, from peeresses down to the poorest women, were working side by side in all sorts of capacities.

Archbishop Donaldson [ St Clair George Alfred Donaldson ] asserted that no one could truthfully say that voluntarism had not been given a full trial in Queensland, but it was equally certain that it had failed to achieve the purpose aimed at.

The cleavage that one saw growing made one tremble as to the future. He believed, however, that the Recruiting Committee was the hope of Queensland, and if it continued as it had been going hitherto it would do more than anything else to bridge the gulf and get over the existing difficulties.

What they had to do was to put themselves whole-heartedly behind the Federal Government.

Mr. Hughes [ William Morris Hughes ], who had inside knowledge, said there was nothing for it but some measure of conscription, and they must give him all the support they could in carrying out his policy.

It must be clearly understood, however, that whatever they might do now would not commit them to anything after the war.

There undoubtedly was a lot of opposition to conscription in the bush districts, but no thought it could be overcome.

In his opinion, the suggestion as to the appointment of tribunals, composed of moderate men to decide as to exemptions, was a good one.

The motion wan then carried.


Canon Garland moved,— “That this Committee pledges itself to support the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defence in their efforts to obtain every man necessary to bring the war to a successful conclusion, and places itself at their disposal in whatever way they desire.”

Mr. P.B. Macgregor [ Peter Balderston Macgregor ] pointed out that they had been constituted a sub-committee of the War Council, and were no longer a citizens’ committee.

Canon Garland said it was well to make it clear that they were prepared to go as far as the Prime Minister and the Minister for Defence wished them to go and to continue to work in harmony with the military authorities.

Brigadier-General Lee [ George Leonard Lee ] : “Stop that nonsense. We don’t want any sugar. It’s no time for compliments. It’s a case of citizens doing their duty, so you had better stop that tripe.”

The Chairman endeavoured to soothe the ruffled feeling of the Commandant, but the latter declared that if Canon Garland did not stop talking nonsense he would leave the meeting.

Further attempts to mollify him had no better results, and he then left the room in high dudgeon, muttering something that sounded like “Snufflebuster”.

His final remark was: “Excuse me, but I would like to withdraw in consequence of the remarks of Canon Garland. Good evening, gentlemen.”

Canon Garland said there was only one way to get the required numbers of men and that was by conscription.

The Chairman deprecated a premature pronouncement on the part of the Committee in favour of conscription, and pointed out that the committee was bound to give a fair trial to the voluntary system up to the end of the present month.

Subsequently Canon Garland withdrew the motion.

Canon de Witt Batty [ Francis de Witt Batty ] advocated the appointment of a sub-committee to consider the reorganisation of industry in view of the probability of large numbers of male workers being withdrawn for war service, and the abolition of what might be regarded as unnecessary industries.

Possibly the Labour Bureau might be utilised connection with the matter.

Gibson pointed out that the Labour Bureau was already connected with the War Council, and said its machinery could probably be utilised.

What was wanted now was to get the public to realise that such a change in industrial conditions was really imminent, and not merely something which might happen in four or five months’ time.

A motion was carried instructing the executive to take such steps as might be necessary to secure industrial organisation with a view to releasing the greatest possible number of recruits for the Imperial Forces.

On the motion of Mr. A.D. Walsh [Alfred Degilbo Walsh ] , it was resolved that a deputation wait on the Premier to urge him to adjourn Parliament, so as to give the members an opportunity of assisting the recruiting movement.

— from page 6 of “The Daily Standard” (Brisbane) of 8 September 1916.
PICTURED ABOVE: A Queensland Recruiting Committee team pictured during a whistle-stop visit to a Queensland country town some time in 1915-1916. Canon Garland is seated at the centre of the group, surrounded by First AIF veterans. This image is from the State Library of Queensland Collection. Record No. 239375. Image number: APE-020-01-0002.