Eleventh time at Toowong

AT TOOWONG

Ceremony at
Cross 
of Sacrifice.

 

PAYING eleven tributes of flowers, the newly-cleaned Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance in the Toowong Cemetery had an outer frame of reverent men, women and children who had come to honour The Fallen at a memorial service conducted by Canon D.J. Garland [ David John Garland ].

In his address, Canon Garland emphasised the qualities of sacrifice, heroism and endurance displayed by the Anzacs and said that there should be applied to the nation in its present difficulties.

The scene was most impressive, parents, widows and children with other relatives of fallen heroes arriving from an early hour with floral tributes which gradually mounted into a beautiful base for both the Cross and the Stone.

Canon Garland was assisted by Rev. N. Bertram [ Neil Colin Campbell Bertram ], and in the procession from the gate of the cemetery, to the Stone of Remembrance, the cross was carried by Mr. Harold Low MM. Mr. J.F. Maxwell MLA [ James Francis Maxwell ] represented the Premier (Mr. A.E. Moore) [ Arthur Edward Moore ].

The Lord Mayor (Alderman A. Watson) [ Archibald Watson ] laid a wreath at the foot of the Cross on behalf of the Brisbane City Council. Earlier he had placed, one at the Toowong Memorial.

During the service hymns were sung “The Last Post” was sounded and at the conclusion The Dead March was played by the Windsor Band.

CANON GARLAND’S ADDRESS.

Canon Garland said that the eleventh time they had gathered on this day of solemn remembrance and many of those present had not missed one gathering in those 11 years.

Gratitude should ring eternal in the human heart — gratitude for those who died for them; and they should be remembered on wings of love before God, and so long as Australia lasted they would be remembered.

— from page 10 of “The Week” (Brisbane) of 29 April 1931.

ANZAC DAY: 1931

To the Memory
of Gallant Men

I.

Over the broad green plains, rich with the bounty of summer’s flooding,

Sing the brave larks on the edge of a cloud;

Down to the seaway, through valleys in mantles of autumn’s budding,

Bend the quick streams as with spirit endowed.

And these are our plains and these our valleys,

And these are our birds and these our streams,

But far lie our mates, the makers of sallies,

And beside them, our mates, the dreamers of dreams.

II.

From the new cities, tense with the conflict of laughter and weeping,

Beats music of building, triumphantly loud;

Fast to the shorelines, to frustration, come gallantly leaping

Great waves for the joy of the sun-loving crowd.

And these are our cities, and these our marges,

And these our forges, and these our throngs,

But far lie our mates, the leaders of charges,

And beside them, our mates, the singers of songs.

III.

Rest from our labour, the seeking, the getting;

Rest from our labour, and bow down the head;

Whether at rising, at noon, or at setting,

They were sun lovers — and now they are dead.

COLIN WILLIAM HUGHIE BINGHAM (1898-1986).

PICTURED ABOVE: This artwork accompanied the words of Bingham’s poignant poem. Together they appeared on page  10 of “The Week” (Brisbane) on 29 April 1931

Anzac Day at Toowong, 1930

AT THE SHRINE
OF REMEMBRANCE

Impressive Tribute
to Fallen Heroes

ADDRESS BY
CANON GARLAND

 

THAT the spirit of remembrance for Australia’s Fallen still is strong in the land for which they gave their lives was shown by the great gathering which assembled at The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance in the Toowong cemetery this morning.

Despite the fact that church services also were being held at Toowong at the same hour the gathering was even greater this year than in previous years.

In his address Canon Garland [ David John Garland ] made scornful reference to writers who “libelled the troops in the hope of publishing a bestseller”.

From early morning — a procession of relatives and friends of fallen soldiers made its way to end in little groups in the cemetery, a striking picture was formed by the trams, one tram in particular being full of passengers carrying wreaths, transforming the tram into a huge floral display.

As the hour approached 9 o’clock the banks of wreaths rose steadily at The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance.

A 9th Battalion banner was affixed to The Cross of Sacrifice and around the base of the sacred memorial numerous wreaths bore written messages of sorrowing.

AN INSPIRING SCENE.

The scene was inspiring as a procession formed at the gates of the cemetery and led by Canon Garland.

Rev. N. Bertram, and Mr. Harold Lowe M.M., carrying a cross, moved to The Stone of Remembrance.

“Rock of Ages” was sung, opening the sacred proceedings.

A little boy, dressed in the full Anzac uniform decorated with the medals won by his fallen father, stood beside Canon Garland.

The sight dimmed many eyes.

The Brisbane branch of the Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ League of Australia and the 9th Battalion were represented by Major Maddock, V.D.

Mr. H.A. Feather (president) and Mr. F.H. Richardson (secretary) re-presented the Soldiers’ Fathers’ Association.

Mr. W.C. Warne represented the Limbless Soldiers’ Association.

“The Last Post” was sounded by Buglers J. Barnes, B.M. Devlin and Jackson.

The Deputy Lord Mayor (Alderman A. Watson) and Mr. J.P. Maxwell, M.L.A., and many other prominent citizens were present.

The biggest proportion of the gathering consisted of women, and children were also there in large numbers.

CANON GARLAND’S ADDRESS.

In his address to the assemblage, Canon Garland traced the growth of the movement for the sacred observance of Anzac Day.

After referring with pleasure to the strength with which interest had been maintained in the celebration of the day, he remarked that there was really a soldiers’ plot in the Toowong cemetery where loved ones of the deceased gathered frequently in honour of their dead.

These were the men who had done their bit in the war, but had died after their return to Australia.

THE ORIGIN.

This led Canon Garland to speak of the origin of the observance of Anzac Day through the medium of sacred services at cemeteries where soldiers lay.

One Sunday on the Mount of Olives a battalion of Australian soldiers came upon a cemetery in which many of their comrades were buried.

Moved by an inspiration to pay a touching tribute to those fallen men all around, at a given signal from himself, bowed reverently en masse in prayer for their dead.

The proceedings were frequently repeated not only in that cemetery but in the cemetery at Cairo and other cemeteries.

In such services as these, Canon Garland said, the services they conducted each Anzac Day at the Toowong cemetery originated.

He hoped that the services would be continued in the spirit that had marked them each year since the first had been held.

Canon Garland pointed out that The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance perpetuated the memory not only of those who were buried in Australia, but also of those who, having laid down their lives for the same noble cause, lay buried in war cemeteries the world over.

Canon Garland referred, with gratitude, to the large number who attended the services this morning.

Queensland, he said, had given the very first lead in such movements.

There had been a controversy as to whether it should be a day of gladness or of sadness, but he hoped the day was far distant when it would be given over just for the purpose of holding a holiday.

“My last thought today,” said Canon Garland, “and that is expressed without going into an argument, is in connection with a certain class of books now being published, in which the authors, with the object of obtaining ‘best sellers’, have slandered the fair fame of the fighting men.

“It did not begin yesterday, it began while our splendid men were going to the war and it was done by men who ought to have known better.

“They were all in the one class. I am not going to argue with them.

“They are contemptible.

“The right way to answer these slanders and libels is to remember our gallant men on Anzac Day; those who died for us, those who suffered for us, those who fought for us, and last but not least, the fathers and mothers who gave them for us.”

Many impressive hymns were sung and many more wreaths and floral tributes were laid on The Stone of Remembrance.

— from page 9 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 25 April 1930.

 

‘Sacred Spirit of Sacrifice’

“THE SACRED SPIRIT OF SACRIFICE”

BRISBANE’S TRIBUTE TO ANZACS

COMMEMORATION AT
THE EXHIBITION

SPEECHES BY
REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS

 

THE large and reverent audience at the Exhibition Hall last evening [ 26 April 1926 ], when the customary civic commemoration of Anzac Day took place, was proof that spirit of the day loses nothing either in popularity or intensity as the years glide by.

The citizens’ tribute on this occasion was all the more notable because of the many Anzac services held on the actual day itself.

The large Exhibition Hall was decorated with the flags of the Allies and with bannerettes bearing the names of the most famous of the battlefields.

Besides the Mayor (Alderman W.A. Jolly) [ William Alfred Jolly ], who presided, there also were on the platform Mr. Lennon (Deputy-Governor) [ William Lennon ], the Mayoress (Mrs. Jolly) [ Lillie Maude Jolly, nee Moorhouse ], Mr. W. McCormack (Premier) [ William McCormack ], Commander Mutton (district naval officer) [ Edward Smith Mutton ], Mrs. Mutton [ Ellen Mary Mutton, nee  Troy ], Major-General Foott, C.B., D.S.O. (military commandant) [ Cecil Henry Foott ], Archbishop Sharp [ Gerald Sharp ], Lieutenant-Colonel Durrant, C.M.G.. D.S.O. [ James Murdoch Archer Durrant ], Lieut.-Colonel Ridley [ John Cecil Thomas Edmund Charles Ridley ], Mrs. Ridley [ Muriel Jeanne Rae Ridley, nee Townshend ] , and the Rev. Canon Garland (secretary of the Anzac Day Committee) [ David John Garland ].

Amongst the audience were most of the aldermen and their wives, also many ex-servicemen, ex-aldermen, and ex-councillors of the old metropolitan local authority areas and prominent public servants and other well known citizens.

Apologies for absence were received from Brigadier-General Sir Harry Chauvel (Inspector-General of Forces) [ Henry (“Harry”) George Chauvel ], Lieut.-Colonel Cameron, M.P. [ Donald Charles Cameron ], who was addressing an Anzac meeting at Toowong, Archbishop Duhig [ James Vincent Duhig ], who was away from Brisbane, and from Mr. A.J. Thynne [ Andrew Joseph Thynne ], unwell.

The speeches were in keeping with the spirit of the occasion, and the musical programme, which included several appropriate hymns, in the singing of which the large audience heartily joined, contributed greatly to the devotional character of the proceedings.

THE MAYOR’S SPEECH.

The Mayor, who rose amidst hearty applause, said, “This meeting has been called for the purpose of enabling the citizens of Brisbane to publicly express their grateful remembrance of the Anzacs.

“On this, the eleventh anniversary of the day of Anzac, we recall with pride not only the great achievement of the landing at Gallipoli but the glorious record of the Australian troops on land and sea throughout the whole of the war.

“This is the first meeting held since the advent of the Greater Brisbane Council, and I am anxious that, not only should we hold a meeting in the city each year, but continue to hold meetings in the various districts as previously arranged by the local councils.

“Brisbane has every reason to be proud of the large army of its excellent sons who responded to the call of the Empire.

“I propose to have a list compiled of the names of the men who enlisted in the Greater Brisbane area, with a special list of the men who paid the Supreme Sacrifice.

“This record will be housed in the new City Hall, in a suitable and permanent manner.

“It should, for all time, be the city’s most honoured record. (Applause.)

“Australia cannot afford to forget the brave deeds of the men of Anzac. (Applause.)

“The account of the part the Australian soldiers, unaccustomed as they were to warfare, took in the Great War, sets forth a record of heroism, bravery and skill, unparalleled in the history of the world. (Applause.)

“Their deeds should forever be a living inspiration to all Australians— not that we wish to glorify war.

“The millions of graves should forever stand as a warning to all enlightened people, of the frightfulness of war; and it would indeed be a sad reflection on the civilised nations if this experience did not bring us nearer to a permanent peace.

“The Anzacs have left us a glorious heritage. They have made it possible for us to continue to live as a free and independent people.

“It is our duty to make this a country worthy of our noble dead. After all, what are the problems and difficulties that we have to contend with, compared with the trials, tribulations and sacrifices of our soldiers?

“If we, in the least degree, emulate the same spirit of service and self-sacrifice in our citizenship, then we can build up in this sunny land of Australia a new nation, the like of which the world has not yet seen. (Applause.)

“We deplore the fact that so many thousands of Australia’s brightest sons paid the Supreme Sacrifice; and our hearts go out in loving sympathy to those whose loved ones did not return.

“They, too, have shared in the nation’s great sacrifice. (Applause.)

It is indeed gratifying, on this, the eleventh anniversary of Anzac Day, to note such large and reverent gatherings at the various services held throughout the city.” (Applause.)

Mr. McCormack moved the first resolution:—

THE FIRST RESOLUTION.

“On the eleventh anniversary of the immortal landing on Gallipoli, this meeting of citizens of Queensland expresses its unalterable loyalty to the Throne and Empire, and its admiration of the magnificent heroism, self-sacrifice, and endurance of the sailors and soldiers of Australia and New Zealand, who, on the first Anzac Day, and throughout the Great War, conferred a glory on Australia and New Zealand that will never fade.”

The Premier said they were met to honour the sacrifice and endurance of those soldiers who had participated in the Great War.

Anzac Day now was the commemoration day of those sacrifices and of that endurance, and especially, of the historic landing at Gallipoli.

Everyone must acknowledge that there should be one day sacred to the memory of those who had given their lives for their country, and of those who happily were spared to return. (Applause.)

Time was a great healer, and he did not doubt that those who had lost loved ones found their grief less poignant than on former anniversaries of that day.

The spirit of Anzac was shown in Australia to-day, and citizens of Brisbane assembled in that hall that evening could see clearly and distinctly how well deserved was the great praise that was bestowed upon the Australian soldier when he entered the Great War. (Applause.)

Many of these brave men left Australia with little or no military training, to meet the trained troops of nations with hundreds of years of military traditions behind them, and they proved themselves the equals, if not the superiors of, famous regiments. (Applause.)

The outstanding feature of the Australian soldier, despite his lack of training, and of discipline, was his loyalty to his race and his determination to hang. on. (Applause.)

Those who had remained at home enjoyed the fruits of the sacrifices made for them at Gallipoli and elsewhere.

Those heroes advertised Australia — not her products, her goods — but the fact that this country possessed men with the same spirit of heroism and sacrifice and endurance which had made Britain famous for thousands of years. (Loud applause.)

Following the Premier’s address the Brisbane Austral Male Choir, under the conductorship of Mr. E.R.B. Jordan [ Ernest Robert Bemister Jordan ], gave a splendid rendition of The Long Day Closes(Sullivan).

DEPUTY GOVERNOR’S SPEECH.

The Deputy Governor (Mr. William Lennon), in the course of his address, expressed pleasure at witnessing such large attendances at the commemoration services because, to his way of thinking, it indicated that Anzac Day and its observance had come to stay, and was not one of those movements which were begun with a great show of enthusiasm and then allowed to gradually die.

Before the war, all knew that our Queensland boys and girls were of the right sort; all knew that the country was peopled with resourceful and brave men, but we did not know we had so many heroes and heroines as the war disclosed.

All went forth to the war full of courage and hope, and proved, beyond possible doubt, that they were men and women of the right stamp.

Mr. Lennon deplored the desire among a section of the people to jubilate on such an occasion and expressed a hope that Anzac Day would always be commemorated in a solemn and sacred way. (Applause.)

He said it was highly creditable to the women of Queensland that so many went away to act as nurses during the war, and that so many had continued to care for the disabled soldiers since hostilities ceased.

The Anzac Day gatherings were held not only to commemorate the heroic deeds of the men generally, but also to express tender sympathy to those who had sustained losses in the war.

A question that arose was: Are you doing your bit towards the returned soldiers?

He hoped that people who had neglected their duty in that respect would think about it during the one-minute’s silence that night. That was the best way in which people could show their appreciation of the men of Anzac. (Applause.)

PERMANENT OBSERVANCE.

Canon Garland said that Anzac Day had now become a permanent memorial in Queensland, and he hoped that, not only for the sake of the soldiers themselves but for sake of the whole community, the memory of the day would never die, but would continue to be forever observed.

Canon Garland recalled that the observance of a “one-minute silence” was originated in Queensland in either January or February, 1916.

He referred with gratification to the continued observance of Anzac Day by the municipal authorities and by the schools of this State.

“THE LAST POST.”

Mr. George Sampson, at the organ, played Beethoven’s “Funeral March on the Death of Hero, and Chopin’s Prelude, C Minor, Largo.

Then “The Last Post” was sounded by Sergeant Barnes [ Herbert “Jerry” Barnes ], a returned soldier bugler, to the accompaniment of muffled drums, the audience remaining standing the while.

At 9 o’clock there was an impressive observance of absolute silence for one minute.

Followed by the playing of “The Dead March in Saul”, by Mr. Samson on the organ.

THE SECOND RESOLUTION.

Brigadier-General C.H. Foott, C.B., C.M.G. (Commandant of the First Military District), was next invited by the Mayor to move the second resolution as follows:—

“This meeting voices its heart-felt sympathy with the relatives of those who have suffered on behalf of the Empire and its assurance that those who have survived the perils of war, will ever be remembered with gratitude by the people whose hearts and homes and free institutions they voluntarily went forth to save.”

The Mayor, in introducing Brigadier-General Foott, said it was appropriate that they should have with them that night an officer who was at the landing on April 25. (Great applause.)

On behalf of the citizens of Brisbane, the Mayor extended a welcome to Brigadier-General Foott, who has just come to Queensland to take command.

In moving the resolution, Brigadier-General Foott said a few words about the Anzacs.

He spoke of their wonderful cheerfulness on the morning of the landing, and in the days that followed, their great spirit of comradeship, of mateship.

All through those early days and nights of hard fighting, all those heavy attacks made by the Turks in May, and all through the fierce fighting in the summer, the Australians maintained their spirit of cheerfulness and of comradeship.

What was even more wonderful was the way they maintained those characteristics when the heavy fighting had died down, and the troops were faced with the long, dreary days of the stalemate.

All through the months during which the men suffered great hardships, when they lacked food, water and comfort, when they were plagued with flies, and suffered from sickness, the spirit of the men was not broken.

Here Brigadier-General Foott interpolated a word of thanks to the people of Australia who strove to alleviate the discomforts the men suffered on the other side.

Nobody could ever say enough in praise of the women and men who contributed in money, in their strength and time, and above all, in their love, to swell those wonderful comfort funds, out of which so much was done for the men during the war.

Reverting to Gallipoli, Brigadier-General Foott said that after the weary months of waiting came the evacuation of Gallipoli, and the men had to leave many a comrade sleeping their long sleep on the Peninsula.

But their sacrifices had not been wasted, because the Anzacs laid the foundations of a great edifice — the Australian Imperial Forces.

The spirit of Anzac forever afterwards permeated the Australian Imperial Forces.

The hymns, Nearer, My God, To Theeand Abide With Me, were sung by the whole assemblage, the choir gave the Recessional Hymn, God of Our Fathers (A.J. Humphrey Coulter), Mr. Les Edye sang “The Phantom Legions” (Ward Stephens), Mr. Harry Borradale dramatically recited “Young Fellow My Lad” (Robert William Service), and Mr. George Sampson, besides contributing the items already mentioned, presided at the organ from 7.30 to 8.05 p.m.

Mr. Archie Day, F.T.C.L., provided accompaniments on the organ to the songs.

The meeting concluded with the singing of the National Anthem.

The whole of the celebration was broadcasted by station 4QG.

— from page 9 of “The Telegraph” of Tuesday, 27 April 1926.

PICTURED ABOVE: The Reverend Canon David John Garland leads mourners to The Stone of Remembrance for his Anzac Day observance on the morning of Monday, 26 April1926. That night he addressed a huge crowd at Brisbane’s Exhibition Hall for the Citizens’ Anzac Day Service. This photograph appeared on page 5 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) earlier that day. 

Beautiful Cross unveiled

ANZAC DAY
IN BRISBANE

Services in the Churches
Speech by the Governor-General

 

ANZAC DAY was reverently observed in Brisbane [ on 25 April 1924 ].

Many solemn functions were held, commencing with the unveiling of the beautiful Cross of Sacrifice, in Toowong Cemetery, by the Governor-General (Lord Forster) [ Henry William Forster ], as reported in the first edition.

Large congregations attended the services in the various churches. In the afternoon a combined open-air Memorial Service, following a naval and military march from Albert Square, was held in the Exhibition Grounds.

The people’s tribute to the “immortal dead” concluded with a public meeting at the Exhibition Hall at night, which was addressed by the Governor-General and other notabilities.

At the morning’s ceremony of unveiling The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance in Toowong Cemetery there was a large attendance of civic, military and naval representatives.

Despite the early hour, perhaps three thousand people made the pilgrimage to the cemetery, most of them carrying beautiful floral wreaths to place on The Stone and on the graves of the soldiers who are buried there.

The whole of the arrangements were splendidly carried out.

The area immediately surrounding The Cross and Stone was enclosed by barriers, and only those actually taking part in the ceremony and members of the Committee were admitted.

Next-of-kin of members of the A.I.F. [ First Australian Imperial Force ] and navy buried in the cemetery were accommodated in a specially-reserved area on one side of the grassy mound upon which The Stone and Cross are mounted, while on the other side the Brisbane Citizens’ Band and the Naval Guard were located.

RECEPTION OF LORD FORSTER.

His Excellency the Governor-General arrived promptly at the appointed time. He wore a military uniform, with sword at side.

His personal A.D.C., Lieut.-Commander R.M. Seymour [ sic, William John Seymour ], was in naval dress.

Lady Forster [ Rachel Forster, neé Cecily ] was received by Mrs. Gillies (wife of the Acting Premier) [ Margaret Gillies, neé Smith ].

Among the military representatives present were noticed:

Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn [ Bernard William Murray Fairbairn ] and a number of officers from H.M.S. Dragon also attended, and Lieut.-Commander Mutton (District Naval Officer) [ Edward Smith Mutton ] was another naval representative.

The Mayor of Brisbane (Ald. M.J. Barry) [ Maurice Joseph Barry ] arrived early, carrying a nice wreath.

After his Excellency the Governor-General had ascended the steps of The Stone of Remembrance he stood between the officiating clergy facing The Cross of Sacrifice.

On the lower rung of the steps on either side of The Stone, Lieut.-Commander Mutton, Major-General Bruche, Captain Fairbairn stood on the left and Chaplain-Colonel Garland, the Deputy Governor of Queensland (Mr. W. Lennon) [ William Lennon ], and the Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) [ William Neal Gillies ] on the right.

A FITTING CEREMONY.

It was a fitting ceremony for such a great occasion, and the crowd dwelt on the words of the clergy as they recited the psalms and prayers.

All eyes were focused on The Stone of Remembrance when Lord Forster rolled back the covering flag from the memorial, upon the face of which are stamped, in indelible letters, the words: “Their names liveth for evermore.”

There was a still greater silence as the King’s representative caught the cords that held the flags which screened The Cross of Sacrifice, and performed the unveiling ceremony.

It was a memorable occasion for those who attended.

Speaking in slow and deliberate tones, Lord Forster’s voice carried to the limits of the area covered by the assemblage and thus almost all were able to hear the beautiful words he spoke during his address.

One fine passage was “Just as they were comrades through all the turmoil and horrors of warfare, so do we believe they are comrades, still in the peace and glory of immortal life.”

The address of the Acting Premier, too, was very inspiring.

The buglers were Staff-Sergeant J. Barnes [ Herbert “Jerry” Barnes ], Sergeant A. Jackson, and Seamen Journeaux [ Francis William Journeaux ] and Barnden, of the Dragon.

— from page 2 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 26 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: Children wander about the foot of The Stone of Remembrance on Anzac Day 1924 after the Australian Governor-General, Lord Henry William Forster, officially unveiled Australia’s first Anzac War Memorial in what is now Canon Garland Place at Brisbane’s Toowong Cemetery. This image is from the State Library of Queensland photo collection [ Record number: 254828. ]

Cross and Stone unveiled

TOOWONG MEMORIAL.

GOVERNOR-GENERAL’S
EULOGY UNVEILING CEREMONY

 

THE spirit animating the large concourse of people in the Toowong Cemetery yesterday morning [ 25 April 1924 ] on the occasion of the unveiling of The Cross of Sacrifice and The Stone of Remembrance was a pathetic blending of sorrow and pride.

There were over 3,000 people present.

The large space at the side of the inner enclosure, which had been reserved for the near relatives of members of the A.I.F., and the naval forces who had met their death on active service was well filled, and included many who were carrying wreaths to lay on The Stone of Remembrance.

On the other side of the enclosure was a guard of honour consisting of bluejackets from H.M.S. Dragon, under Lieutenant Drew.

Prior to the commencement of the ceremony proper, the Brisbane Citizens’ Band played appropriately solemn music, concluding with the “Dead March”, in “Saul”.

Punctually at the time appointed, 8:57 a.m., His Excellency the Governor-General, Lord Forster [ Sir Henry William Forster ], who was attended by Lt.-Commander W.J. Seymour [ William John Seymour ], personal A.D.C. [ Aide-de-Camp ], and Brigadier-General L.C. Wilson, A.D.C. [ Lachlan Chisholm Wilson ], arrived at the main entrance gate where he was received by the Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) [ William Neal Gillies ], the Officer Commanding Field Troops in Queensland (Major-General J.H. Bruche) [ Sir Julius Henry Bruche ] and the Commanding Officer H.M.S. Dragon (Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn) [ Bernard William Murray Fairbairn ].

His Excellency was then conducted to the scene of the ceremony.

Among those in the inner enclosure were:

At the foot of The Stone of Remembrance the Governor-General was received by the Archbishop of Brisbane (Dr. Sharp) [ Gerald Sharp ], and the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church (Rev. S. Martin) [ Samuel Martin ], who were the officiating clergymen.

The latter commenced the religious portion of the ceremony by reading Psalm 46.

His Excellency then unveiled The Stone of Remembrance and, accompanied by the officiating clergy, proceeded to The Cross of Sacrifice from which also he removed the flags which covered it.

Returning to The Stone of Remembrance, prayers were offered by Dr. Sharp and Rev. S. Martin, after which the Archbishop formally dedicated The Cross, “to the honour and glory of Almighty God and in memory of those who laid down their lives after the example of Him who made the one perfect sacrifice for all mankind.”

There was a tense silence for a few seconds until, at the word of command, the naval guard fired three volleys and The Last Post was sounded.

“TRIBUTE OF REVERENCE.”

The Governor-General said they all were there to do what had been done, and still was being done in the theatres of war thousands of miles away— to pay a tribute of reverence and admiration to the memories of those who, in splendid self-sacrifice, yielded their lives in the service of their country.

It was a fitting day on which to unveil those noble memorials — The Stone of Remembrance and The Cross of Sacrifice — and he wished to express on behalf of the Commonwealth its deep appreciation of the services rendered by the Government of Queensland in the provision of that noble stone.

In future, anyone who approached that hallowed spot must, he thought, remember the wonderful things that had been done by those whom they sought to honour, and would also think of the spirit of comradeship in which their beloved dead were lying, whether it were there in that cemetery or on the field of battle where they fell.

Just as they were comrades through all the horrors of warfare, so they believed that they all were comrades still in the peace and glory of immortal life, and it behoved all those who were left behind to do all they could to preserve that spirit of comradeship, in which those heroes had served and in which they had fallen.

And the second thought that must occur to them was the thought of remembrance.

They remembered the heroic service, the undaunted and undauntable bravery, the steadfast courage and fortitude shown in circumstances of almost incredible horror and hardship, of those who had suffered for them and died for them.

The pages of history would record the undying story of their triumph, and so long as the British race lasted, their fame would live and, as had been inscribed on The Stone of Remembrance, “Their name liveth for evermore”.

IMPERISHABLE GLORY.

And the third thought which came to their minds was that in erecting that Cross of Sacrifice they were commemorating the spirit of self-sacrifice by men humbly following in the steps of Christ, the Saviour of Mankind.

As the years rolled by and as the present generation passed hence, and the recollection of the pain and the suffering and the sorrow of the Great War faded away, there would remain nothing but the fame and the glory of great deeds.

Then would such memorials as those that had just been unveiled preserve the memory of those who had accomplished such wonderful things, and inspire successive generations by the splendid spirit in which they had been done.

And so, in perpetuating the memory of their illustrious dead, they turned to the sign of Him through whose self-sacrifice they had passed through the vale into the life immortal.

The thoughts that came to their minds on such an occasion as the present had been more beautifully expressed by a friend of his, a Member of the British House of Commons who, in the early days of the war, gave eloquent expression to what everyone felt, and he would conclude by reading to them what his friend [ Sir John Stanhope Arkwright ] had written:—

O valiant hearts, who to your glory came
Through dust of conflict and through battle flame;
Tranquil you lie, your knightly virtue proved,
Your memory hallowed in the land you loved.
Proudly, you gathered, rank on rank to war.
As you had heard God’s message from afar;
All you had hoped for, all you had, you gave
To save Mankind— yourselves you scorned to save.
Splendid you passed, the great surrender made,
Into the light that nevermore shall fade;
Deep your contentment in that blest abode,
Who wait the last dear trumpet-call of God.

ACTING PREMIER’S SYMPATHY.

The Acting Premier (Mr. W.N. Gillies) said the fact that Lord Forster had lost his two sons at the war made them appreciate all the more the great service he had rendered them in performing this sad but important ceremony, on behalf of the State Government, he desired to express his heartfelt sympathy with all those who today mourned the loss of their dear ones.

It was fitting that their State, which took the lead in the observance of Anzac Day — the founder of which was a Queensland citizen— should likewise be the first State in Australia to complete The Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance.

It was likewise fitting that the site chosen by the committee should be in these sacred grounds, where lay the remains of some 350 Australian soldiers, and by that Cross and Stone they paid to them the same homage as was given to those of their own kith and kin, who now lay in the far away cemeteries on the battlefields of France and Gallipoli.

To the credit of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee, of which body Canon Garland [ David John Garland ] might well be described as the life and soul, Anzac Day had been observed in this State each year since the memorable landing on Gallipoli on April 25, 1915.

It was not an occasion for a lengthy speech, but rather an occasion for humility and reverence, for silence and thought, and for the earnest recognition of the fact that the only lasting comfort or reward for those who lost their sons, their brothers, their husbands, or their fathers, was the fulfilment of the promise of a lasting peace.

MEMORIAL WREATHS.

The placing of wreaths and other floral tributes at the base of The Stone of Remembrance then followed.

The first was a handsome cross of gilded leaves with red roses from the Governor-General.

From the State Governor (Sir Matthew Nathan) came a wreath of white and pink flowers, with green foliage.

The Acting Premier, on behalf of the State Government, laid on the Stone a strikingly effective wreath in the shape of the letter “Q”, made with rich red and golden-yellow chrysanthemums with a background of laurel leaves.

A simple laurel wreath came from the R.S. and S.I. League of Australia (Queensland) [ Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League of Australia (Queensland) Branch ], and others from the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee and the commanding officer, H.M.S. Dragon.

Another wreath which was dropped from an aeroplane and fell among the graves was picked up and placed in position near the Stone.

The number of private wreaths was very, large.

The, sounding of the Reveille ended the ceremonials.

WREATHS PLACED ON STONE.

Among the wreaths placed on The Stone of Remembrance were those from:—

  • The Governor-General (placed by Lord Forster)
  • The State Governor (by Colonel J.M.A. Durrant, A.D.C.)
  • The Acting Premier, on behalf of the State Government (by Mr. W.N. Gillies)
  • Commanding Officer, H.M.S. Dragon, on behalf of the Special Service Squadron (by Captain B.W.M. Fairbairn)
  • Anzac Day Commemoration Committee (by Canon Garland)
  • Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League (by Mr. Frazer East, State President) – [ Hubert Fraser East ]
  • Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Fathers’ Association (by Mr. Richardson) – [ Samuel Henry Richardson ]
  • Mayor and aldermen, City of Brisbane (by the Mayor, Alderman Barry)
  • Trustees [of] Brisbane General Cemetery
  • T.B. Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Association
  • Toowong Women’s Auxiliary
  • Royal Society of St. George (Brisbane Branch)
  • Auchenflower Troop Girl Guides
  • St. Augustine’s Hamilton War Memorial Church
  • South Brisbane Women’’s Auxiliary League
  • R.S. and S.I. League of Australia
  • Queensland National Bank, Rockhampton
  • Mr. Thomas Pearson
  • F. Concourt
  • R.S.S.I.L.A, Limbless Soldiers
  • R.S.S.I.L.A., Brisbane District Executive
  • R.S.S.I.L.A., Remount Section, Rosemount
  • Mrs. Walsh, 11th Regiment
  • Mr. and Mrs. Bloor and family
  • Mrs. Patton
  • Mr. J.F. Maxwell, M.L.A.
  • Mrs. McGregor-Lowndes – [ Jean McGregor-Lowndes ]
  • Relatives of Private S.J. Cole
    No. 6736, Private Sydney Joseph COLE, 15th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Wm. P. Sparkes
    No. 1654, Bombardier William Percival SPARKES, 7th Battery Field Artillery
  • Mr. L.W. Belcher
  • Relatives of Lieutenant A.G. Robertson
    — Lieutenant Alex Gordon ROBERTSON, 4th Australian Pioneers
  • Relatives of Corporal W.H. Roberts
    No. 1634, Temporary Corporal William Horace Floyd ROBERTS, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Captain R. Blake
    No. 7306, Captain Leslie Russell BLAKE MC, 105th Howitzer Battery, 5th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Relatives of Private Walsh
    No. 3897, Private Joseph Norman WALSH, 15th Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of W.W. Prideaux
    No. 7309, Private William Walter PRIDEAUX, 24th Reinforcements, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Mr. and Mrs. Campbell
    No. 3426, Scout Corporal David Morrison CAMPBELL, 7th Reinforcements, 31st Infantry Battalion
  • Relatives of Bugler L. Bowers
    No. 4264, Private Albert John Llewellyn BOWERS, 31st Infantry Battalion
  • Mrs. R.E. Sexton (lately Townshend, formerly Sugars, nee Rae)
    No. 6163, Private John Robert Dalgleish TOWNSHEND, 17th Reinforcements, 25th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of Arthur J. Goodwin
    No. 7838, Private Arthur John GOODWIN, 26th Reinforcements, 9th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of B. Chambers
    Captain Robert William Laws CHAMBERS, 105th Howitzer Battery, 5th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Friends of W. Holland
    No. 5592, Captain Walter Percival HOLLAND, 15th Reinforcements, 25th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of O. Hopkins
    No. 2678, Acting Corporal Donald Herbert Odo HOPKINS, 49th Infantry Battalion
  • Friends of N. McWaters
    No. 16082, Private Norman Francis McWATERS, 11th Field Ambulance
  • Relatives of Gunner W. Longwill
    No. 1898, Gunner William Matthew LONGWILL, 13th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Relatives of S. Cutlock
  • Relatives of Mr. A. and L. Barrett.

At the request of Mr. and Mrs. A. Campbell, Mackay, a wreath was placed on The Stone of Remembrance by the joint Honorary Secretaries of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee [ David John Garland and Eustace Royston Baum Pike ].

The Brisbane Cemetery Trustees were represented at the unveiling and dedication of The Cross of Sacrifice by Mr. W.D. Grimes (chairman) [ William Douglas Grimes ], Colonel R.M. Stodart [ Robert Mackay Stodart ], Messrs. Petrie, Wassell, Harley, Scott and E. Griffith Oxley (secretary) [ Edward Griffith Oxley ], who was accompanied by Mrs. Oxley.

A feature of the unveiling and dedication ceremony of The Cross of Sacrifice was the hovering of an aeroplane over the ground during the ceremony.

A wreath was dropped from the ’plane from St. Augustine’s Memorial Church Committee, Hamilton.

— from page 7 of “The Daily Mail” (Brisbane) of Saturday, 26 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: A view of the scaffolding that enveloped The Cross of Sacrifice in late February-early March 1924 at Toowong Cemetery. On 26 September 1923, the ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee voted to accept the £720 quotation from the Toowong-based firm of master monumental masons, A.L. Petrie & Sons, to devise and erect The Cross of Sacrifice. The Stone of Remembrance and The Cross of Sacrifice were officially unveiled a mere 212 days later, on ANZAC Day, 25 April 1924. For 92 years, 10 months and 4 days Australia’s first ANZAC War Memorial was left unmolested as it stood sentinel over the nearby graves of at least 270 First AIF returned service personnel. Work is now under way to reinstate the vandalised bronze sword motif, requiring Brisbane City Council to erect similar temporary scaffolding around the memorial once more. 

Anzac Day editorial, 1924

“LEST WE FORGET.”

 

KIPLING’S magic sentence fitly expresses the Australian feeling behind the continued observance of Anzac Day.

The public memory is said to be short, and short it is on most matters, but not where the heart is touched so deeply as it is by the story of Gallipoli and all that it stands for.

So today, for the eighth year, we are remembering soberly and solemnly, the sacrifices that were made on April 25, 1915, by Australian men in the cause of honour and humanity, sacrifices which constituted our blood baptism as a nation.

The passing years do not tarnish our admiration for the unquestioning response to the call of duty made on Anzac’s fatal beach and cliff, nor do they dim our recollection of those who fell so bravely, that their comrades might succeed.

We go on to remembering these things, not vain gloriously, but proudly conscious that British manhood had not suffered by transplantation in this far off outpost was capable of carrying on the traditions to which we are heirs.

We like to think of their great Anzac adventure as the starting point of our real history, and though first and foremost our thoughts are for the gallant men who laid down their lives on Gallipoli, and for the bereaved ones who bore their loss so stoically, there is in an undercurrent of national pride which will not be denied.

lt asserts itself in the messages from the King and Queen, and from the Australian Prime Minister, which we publish elsewhere in our columns today, and it will ring through the sermons and speeches which are being delivered throughout Australia.

Anzac Day stands for a high idealism, and if we needed proof of it, we can find it in the determination of the returned sailors and soldiers that the occasion shall be one of solemnity and not of rejoicing.

The memory of the heroes is thus rededicated each year in every place of worship throughout our land, and today we have added to these requiems the unveiling of a Cross of Sacrifice and Stone of Remembrance in Toowong Cemetery which shall stand in lasting assurance that “their name liveth for evermore”.

There is another side to the observance which is not less worthy and that is the carrying of the recollection of Anzac Day into our elementary schools, where soldiers and others well qualified for the task tell the boys and girls the story of Anzac and implant in their impressionable minds the morals of loyalty, devotion, patriotism and sacrifice which Gallipoli enshrines.

We in Queensland take pride in the fact that it was in this State that the Anzac Day movement was given birth, and we have seen the spirit of it spread like a flame through the other States.

In some of them the day is set apart from the cares of business.

Brisbane does not follow that example, but most employees are released from duty during the hours of the divine service, and in the minds of the people as a whole, the day is consecrated in a sense which no declaration of a holiday could heighten.

On the first anniversary the King cabled to Australia a tribute to the heroes, which closed with these words:

“May those who mourn their loss find comfort in the conviction that they did not die in vain, but that their sacrifice has drawn our peoples more closely together and added strength and glory to the Empire.”

It is in the spirit of those words that we carry on the Anzac tradition on today, realising that the men who died cemented the foundation of the country with their blood, shed in a nobly righteous cause.

— from the page 8 Editorial in “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of Friday, 25 April 1924.

PICTURED ABOVE: Included in the State Library of Queensland Collection’s ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Queensland) Records (OMHA/2, Box 3550), is this clipping
from page 7 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 26 April 1924. It depicts the Honour Guard from HMS Dragon firing “a salute at the unveiling of the Cross of Sacrifice at Toowong Cemetery, on Anzac Day”.