Recruiting campaign progress


A MEETING of the Queensland Recruiting Executive was held in the City Council Chambers yesterday [ 8 October 1915 ].

Hon. A.J. Thynne [ Andrew Joseph Thynne ] presided, and there were also present: Mr. P.B. Macgregor (hon. secretary) [ Peter Balderston McGregor ], Lieutenant-Colonel Canon Garland (hon. organising secretary) [ David John Garland ], Messrs. R.C. Ramsay [ Robert (“Bob”) Christian Ramsay ] and J.U. McNaught [ John Ure McNaught ], Alderman G. Down [ George Down ], and Lieutenant-Colonels Moore [ Richard Albert Moore ] and Hopkins [ George Herbert Hopkins ].

Mr. McNaught was elected a member of the executive in place of Captain C.S. Fraser, who has been called up for service.

Canon Garland reported on an interview he had had with Senator Pearce (Minister for Defence) [ George Foster Pearce ], which was highly satisfactory.

The interview left no room for doubt that the Minister desired that recruiting in Queensland should be pushed forward.

The very fact, that Australia was not getting her full reinforcements made this all the more necessary.

The reinforcements called for by the Federal Government were 16,000 men per month to take the places of the killed, wounded, and sick. The number was short.

Queensland, however, had been doing very well, and had furnished more than the quota laid down by the Federal War Committee.

This, however, was no reason for self-satisfaction or for going slow.

The fact that there was a shortage in other parts of Australia should inspire the Queen of States to give a lead to the Commonwealth.

As a result of the interview with the Minister the executive was now aiming at obtaining 10,000 recruits as quickly as possible.

The Minister had given his assurance that there would be adequate equipment for 10,000 men a month if they came forward.

Both the Prime Minister [ William Morris (“Billy”) Hughes ] and the Minister for Defence recently made public statements that every man available was wanted, and there was no doubt left in his (Canon Garland’s) mind that these Ministers meant what they said.

He made this remark because it had been reported that Members of Parliament had stated that recruiting might he abated.

He wished to correct this — never was there a greater necessity for recruiting being kept up than at present.

The executive agreed upon instituting a city campaign, to be started in Brisbane at an early date. The details were referred to a sub-committee for arrangement.

A recruiting film was approaching completion, and it was intended that this film (which gave scenes of camp life) should be screened throughout Queensland, so that the persons in remote parts of the country would be enabled to see the conditions under which the recruits lived in the camps.

The question of a recruits’ march from some of the country towns through Brisbane was also considered, and the matter was referred to a sub-committee for report.

Referring yesterday to his impressions of the New South Wales’ camps, gained during his recent visit, Lieutenant-Colonel Canon Garland said his position precluded his making comparisons, but his daily contact for many hours with camp life in Queensland left no doubt in his mind that everything possible was done to provide for the men’s comfort and health.

He was particularly impressed with the way in which the authorities had dealt with meningitis, which (according to telegrams in the Press) was serious in other places, but had been almost stamped out in the Queensland camps.

Mixing constantly with the men, many of whom were his personal friends long before they enlisted, he got only one opinion from them as to the good treatment and care.

Of course there were persons who considered that men ought to be treated as if in a first-class hotel, or living under home conditions with their mothers, and there would be no satisfying such people.

But the plain proof of the excellence of the conditions was to be found in the way recruiting continued, for if things were unsatisfactory the word would he passed round by those in camp, and intending recruits would be discouraged.

It was quite possible that this was the cause of the falling off elsewhere.

Speaking of his own experience, he said he could testify that anything which seemed to need improvement was at once dealt with by the authorities if their attention was drawn to it in a proper manner.

— from page 6 of “The Brisbane Courier” of 9 October 1915.

PICTURED ABOVE: A Queensland Recruiting Committee poster from early in World War I. This image is
from the State Library of Queensland Collection’s Hackett’s Scrapbooks (OM92-46).

Lecturing in Mackay


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ], who is spending this week-end in Mackay, will lecture in the Parish Hall to-night at 8 on the Church Revival Centenary.

Canon Garland is one of the leading church men of Brisbane and is very well known in North Queensland.

He was Archdeacon of North Queensland for some years, and was Rector of Charters Towers from 1902 to 1907.

He is the first Anglican priest to be made a Knight of the Holy Sepulchre by the Patriarch Damianos of Jerusalem, and is an authority on the Orthodox Church.

He has made a special study of the history of the last 100 years of the Church of England.

He will be glad to answer questions after his lecture.

– from page 6 of “The Daily Mercury” (Mackay, Queensland) of 14 November 1932.

PICTURED ABOVE: Drawn from Canon Garland’s “Magic Lantern” series of glass slides, this scene was captured outside the great doors of Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre after the Thanksgiving service conducted by Canon Garland on Sunday, 9 December 1917, under the auspices of the Greek Orthodox Church. The commanding officer of the British Expeditionary Force, General Edmund Allenby [in light khaki], is preceded by the Archimandrite Nicodemus. This image – captured by a Lieutenant Gibbs – was first published – together with three other photographs actually taken by Canon Garland – on page 22 of “The Queenslander Pictorial” supplement to “The Queenslander” of 30 March 1918.

Home from Palestine


LIEUTENANT-COLONEL Chaplain D.J. Garland, V.D., [ David John Garland ] returned to Brisbane last night [ 10 September 1919 ] after nearly two years’ service with the A.I.F. in Egypt, Palestine and Syria.

He was looking very well.

In course of conversation, he paid tribute to the great work accomplished by the Australian Light Horse, and remarked that the numbers engaged on the west Front and the colossal operations there carried out had had a tendency to overshadow the brilliant work of the Australians in Palestine.

He said that their great drives which swept over Syria were the most wonderful thing of their kind in military history.

In fact, the enemy could not believe that the Light Horse had travelled overland.

He defended the Australians from suggestions that they were not amenable to discipline, and he had a word of praise for the Australian Comforts’ Fund, remarking that, the boys could not have done without it at the Front, and on the transports.

Special receptions are being prepared for Canon Garland.

— from page 2 of “The Telegraph” (Brisbane) of 11 September 1919.

PICTURED ABOVE: Men of the Australian Light Horse on manoeuvres somewhere on the Palestine/Syria Front, late in World War I.
Canon Garland was the First AIF’s most senior Church of England chaplain in this theatre for the last two years of the war. 

July in Jerusalem

Fr Garland with troopers in Egypt, circa 1917-1919.


CANON Garland [ David John Garland ] writes from Jerusalem, in respect to the Church of England Australian Fund for Soldiers, on July 26:—

“In strolling through the old city of Jerusalem I was struck by the improvement and cleanliness, showing how our advent is making itself felt.

“The object of my visit was to secure premises for our [ Jerusalem ] Club, and after beating down the landlord I got the premises for £70 a year. They are three-storied.

“The ground floor is occupied by the military for grain store, and the other storeys are ours, and are in good repair, but they will need disinfecting and cleaning.

“I hope this will only take a couple of days, so that I can get them done and buy furniture and then send Mrs. Martin up.

“They are not two minutes from the Jaffa Gates [ sic ] , where our Australian boys are always hanging about trying to get into the Holy City.

“Today there were over 50 as I came through. There was nothing to do except to get them in. They would have become discontented, and some gone to wine shops.

“Our club will make a meeting place where they can rest and have a cup of tea.

“Chaplains look for them to take them into the Holy City.

“To-day, however, I could not go with this lot, but I got them in under charge of three officers, so they were all happy.

“Later in the day I took another party myself to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where I prayed at the Sepulchre and Calvary. The boys were most reverent and appreciative.

“Then I went down to St. George’s Cathedral to witness an entertainment by the ‘Church Army’ in honour of the extension of its previous work in Jerusalem, which is very important.

“At 1 p.m. next day the car arrived for me from the Desert Corps Headquarters, and in an hour I was there, dropped 1,000 ft. amidst dust, too great for words, ran through Bethany, passed the site of the Inn of the Good Samaritan, the well which marked the boundary between Jerusalem and Israel, along the road which our Lord often trod to His loved Bethany, and the road which He followed to Jericho, Jordan, and Galilee.

“I dined at headquarters with three other generals; they were all keenly interested in our Jerusalem Club, showed much sympathy, and gave practical help.

“General T. said it was very much needed, and would do good work.

“The sanitation and water supply are big problems.

“After a conference with General T. I left by car for Jerusalem, and went to a camp in Bethlehem, where I saw one of our marquees in use as a regimental or camp canteen, much appreciated by the boys.

“Then we drove to St. Simon’s, where there is an ambulance rest camp, not for boys from hospital, but just tired and run-down in the lines.

“Here I saw two marquees of ours, one used as a shade rest tent for the boys to loaf in, and the other for entertainment.”

— from page 2 of “The Express and Telegraph” (Adelaide, South Australia) of 25 September 1918.

PICTURED ABOVE: From Canon Garland’s “Magic Lantern” series of photographs taken while he was senior Church of England military chaplain with the First AIF in Jerusalem and the Palestine/Syria campaign between 1917 and 1918. This image shows Canon Garland posing with some of “the boys” of the First AIF. For their entertainment and relaxation, a hostel was established “not two minutes from the Jaffa Gates”.

‘Australia Asleep’




SOME vigorous remarks on the result of the recent conscription poll, and lessons arising there from were made by Canon Garland [ David John Garland ] in the course of a sermon preached in [ Brisbane’s ] St. John’s Cathedral, city, last night [ 3 December 1916 ].

The occasion was Advent Sunday.

Speaking from the words, “Now it is high time to awaken out of sleep” (Romans 13—11), the preacher dwelt on the recent condition of things as indicating that Australia was only half awake.

It seemed to him that, if the people had been awake to the fact of the war, they could not have given the answer they gave a few weeks ago.

It was an answer which showed ingratitude to the Empire, under whose shelter they had remained in occupation of Australia for the past 150 years.

Further, were it not for the Empire’s navy they would now be suffering the horrors that befel Belgium, Servia [ sic, Serbia ], Poland and Northern France.

In the answer to the referendum question there was ingratitude to our dead heroes whose sacrifice were made to be vain by the refusal of selfish men to make that sacrifice efficient.

There was ingratitude to our wounded and maimed heroes.

He had heard Lieutenant Little [ Edwin Maurice Little ] speak. His appearance in itself was an appeal.

Maimed, blinded and scarred, he begged Australia to vote “Yes.” — and Australia had listened to the shirker rather than to this and other heroes.

There was ingratitude also to our present soldiers, fighting in the slush in hourly danger of their lives.

Speaking through their General, they appealed for adequate help (and let no one question that appeal).

Australia, continued Canon Garland, could not have been so ungrateful if she had been awake to her duly, her possibilities, and her honour.

Her vote was selfish.

There was no eight hours a day for the men in the trenches. Yet men in Australia had placed their personal interests above the welfare of the men at the Front.

Years ago both the present King [ George V ] and Lord Roberts [ Frederick Sleigh Roberts ] had urged England to awake. Had they been listened to there would have been no war to-day.

Similarly, unless Australia aroused herself there was no hope for her future. All we had taught ourselves to be, and hoped to be, had proved false.

The whole Commonwealth needed waking to the old sense of duty and self-sacrifice.

– from page 5 of “The Daily Mail” (Brisbane) of 4 December 1916.

PICTURED ABOVE: Gallipoli veteran, Lieutenant Edwin Maurice Little is carried gingerly down the gangway of HMAT Kanowna at Brisbane’s Kennedy Wharf on Sunday, 28 November 1915. This image originally appeared on page 7 of “The Brisbane Courier” edition of 30 November 1915, but this version is drawn from the State Library of Queensland Collection (Record No. 181367). The Barcaldine-born, school teacher son of a North Ipswich parson was blinded, partially deafened and had his right arm blown off when a grenade he was throwing blew up on 29 May 1915. Discharged from the Queensland-raised 15th Infantry Battalion on medical grounds, Lieutenant Little became a passionate member of the Queensland Recruiting Committee’s team of fellow veterans who travelled the State extolling men to join the Colours. He gave a rousing speech at a recruiting rally held at Rockhampton’s School of Arts on Saturday, 9 June 1917. At the 16 March 1918 State election he stood (unsuccessfully) as the Nationalist candidate for the electorate of Bremer in the Queensland Legislative Assembly. 

Christmas pudding



(To the Editor).


WOULD you be good enough to allow me room in your paper to say that I have just received a letter from Canon Garland (Lieut. Colonel) [ David John Garland ] stating that the [ Soldiers’ ] Church of England Help Society has undertaken to provide Christmas pudding for all soldiers in camp [ Enoggera Army Training Camp, Brisbane ], and that it is estimated that 10,000 lbs. [ 4,536 kilograms ] will be required in order to give each man 1lb [ 453 grams ]?

It is suggested that friends might help, either by making puddings, or by sending money to purchase puddings.

If the former plan is adopted, the puddings ought to be 5lbs. [ 2.27 kilograms ] in weight and tied in stout cloth.

The name of the sender should be attached.

I would be glad to forward either puddings or money from here, but I would be particularly grateful if those who will kindly help in the matter would be good enough to inform me so that I could advise the Society by the 20th inst. what help is likely to be given.

I know of no better way than asking you to kindly allow this request through your columns by which to make known the need.

Yours, etc.


– from page 2 of “The Northern Miner” (Charters Towers, Queensland) of 9 November 1915.

PICTURED ABOVE: These home-made cakes and puddings, stored in metal tins stockpiled by volunteers, were destined to be distributed among the recruits at Enoggera Army Training Camp leading up to Christmas 1915. This image appeared on page 25 of “The Queenslander Pictorial” (supplement to “The Queenslander”) of 1 January 1916, and is from the State Library of Queensland Collection. *The Reverend Canon Arthur Ernest Saxon was Rector of Charters Towers Church of England Parish (St Paul’s Church, Charters Towers – the Reverend Canon David John Garland being his predecessor in that role) until his appointment as Archdeacon of Durham, Newcastle, New South Wales, in 1921.